Epidendrum macroophorum Hágsater & Dodson 1999 GROUP Nocturnum

Photo by © Alex Reynolds and the ORCHIDS of MAQUIPUCUNA Website

TYPE Drawing

TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website

Common Name The Large Ovary Epidendrum

Flower Size 4" [10 cm]

Found in Colombia and Ecuador on the western slopes of the Andes in wet forests on rocks and trees at elevations around 100 to 2600 meters as a medium sized, warm to cold growing epiphyte or lithophyte with simple, laterally compressed above, terete below stems carrying 6 to 10, towards the apex, elliptic to oblong, retuse, coriaceous leaves with laterally compressed sheaths that blooms at most any time of the year on a terminal, pluriracemose, successively single, 2 to 5 flowered inflorescence with floral bracts that are much shorter than the ovaries which are 4 times longer than the sepals.

"Epidendrum macroophorum belongs to the GROUP Nocturnum characterized by the simple stems carrying large star-shaped flowers usually with a 3-lobed lip The species is identified by its very long ovary, the longest of any species in the genus, .92 to 1.12" [23 to 28 cm] long, the fruit being formed at the apical half of the ovary, leaves are 3 to 4 time longer than broad. Epidendrum angustilobum has a shorter nectary .56 to .72" [14 to 18 cm] long and leaves generally 2 to 3 times longer than broad. E. carpophorum Barb. Rodr. and E. tridens Poepp. & Endl. have shorter ovaries, about 2.4 to 4" [6 to 10 cm] long. Has been incorrectly labeled E. tunguraguae Schltr. = E tridens, a species described from eastern Ecuador with a short ovary." Hagsater etal 1999


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 097 Dodson 1980 Drawing in error; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 305 Hagsater 1999 see recogntion section; * Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 350 Hagsater & Salazar 1999 drawing ok; Icones Orchidacearum 11 plate 1102 Hagsater & Soto 2008 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 13 Plate 1313 Hagsater 2010 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 13 Plate 1326 Hagsater 2010 see recognition section; Orchids of the Department of Valle De Cauca Colombia Vol 2 Kolanowska, Hagsater etal. 2014 photo drawing/photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 15 [1] Plate 1553 Hagsater & Sanchez 2015 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 15 [1] Plate 1565 Hagsater & Sanchez 2015 see recognition section; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 18(1) plate 1840 Hagsater, Santiago and Medina 2020 see recognition section; Orquideas de Farallones de Cali Galindo-Tarazona, Haelterman, Zuluaga Trochez and Sebastian Moreno 2020 photo fide