Epidendrum manarae Foldats 1968 GROUP Kalopternix

Drawing by Dunsterville & Garay and The Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Jany Renz Herbaria Website

Part Shade Cool Cold

Common Name Manara's Epidendrum

Flower Size .16" [4 mm]

Found in Venezuela in cloud forests at elevations of 1300 to 2400 meters as a miniature sized, cool to cold growing, caespitose epiphyte with a branching rhizome giving rise to tiny, globose, hard, wrinkled pseudobulbs carrying 2, apical, oblong-lanceolate, to ellitpic lanceolate, subacute leaves that blooms on a terminal, very short, 5 flowered inflorescence.

Epidendrum manarae is part of GROUP Kalopternix characterized by the erect or pendant, 1 or 2-leaved pseudobulbs, glaucous leaves, resupinate flowers with a wide-trullate lip, the margin fleshy-erose. The species is similar to E misserrum from Mexico but it differs in the larger pseudobulbs carrying 3 leaves, the larger flowers and the different lip. It is also similar to E serpens but E manarae differs in the smaller flowers, diferent petals, and the lip attenuate to the base.


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Flora de Venezuela Vol 15 tercera parte Foldats 1970 drawing fide; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 5 Dunsterville and Garay 1972 Drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela, an Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Miniature Orchids Northen 1980; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide;