Epidendrum monophlebium Hágsater 1999 GROUP Ramosum SUBGROUP Rugosum

TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website

Full shade CoolFall

Common Name The Single Veined Epidendrum [refers to the petals]

Flower Size .4" [1 cm]

Found in Costa Rica in forest remnants in pastures at elevations of 1200 to 1800 meters as a medium sized, cool growing epiphyte with branching, canelike, terete, flexuous, secondary stems carrying all along the stems, coriaceous, narrowly oblong, bilobed, those of the main stem twice the size of the secondary and tertiary stem leaves that blooms in the fall on a terminal, from any of the ramifications, racemose, distichous, peduncle short, rachis flexuous, .4 to .72" [1 to 1.8 cm] long, lax, simultaneously 4 to 6 flowered inflorescence with oblong-triangular, oblique, conduplicate bracts and longer than the ovary, acuminate, 3 nerved floral bracts and carrying pale green flowers that always have their lip facing the rachis.

"Epidendrum monophlebium is part of the GROUP Ramosum SUBGROUP Rugosum characterized by the branching habit with few-flowered inflorescence from short, secondary stems, the leaf-sheaths rugose. The species is closely related to Epidendrum sanchoi, and can be recognized by its branching stems, 4 to 6 flowered distichous raceme, pale green flowers, linear, single veined petals and triangular lip with the base truncate, and the 3-dentate callus. Epidendrum sanchoi has a similar overall appearance, but the petals are 3-veined and the lip cordate at the base, ecallose with 3 thickened veins. Epidendrum nutantirhachis Ames & C. Schweinf. is wider overall, the leaves being .2 to .6" [5 to 15 mm] wide and the sepals .24 to .36" [6 to 9 mm] long." Hagsater etal 1999


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; * Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 358 Hagsater & Sanchez 1999 drawing fide; Manual de las Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 8 Plate 841 Hagsater & Sanchez 2006 see recognition section;