Epidendrum monzonense Kraenzl. 1905 GROUP Saxicola

Collection sheet by MOL Lima

Part Shade Cold LATE Spring Summer THROUGH Fall

Common Name The Monzon Epidendrum

Flower Size 1.72" [4.3 cm]

Found in Huanuco department of Peru at elevations of 3400 to 3500 meters as a miniature to just medium sized, cold growing epiphyte or lithophyte with terete, canelike, somewhat thickened stems carrying a single, apical, erect, oblong, rounded, conduplicate below leaf that blooms in the late spring through fall on a terminal, arising on a mature stem through a very small, hidden within the conduplicate base of the leaf, spathe, shorter than the leaf, peduncle terete, thin, simultaneously 1 to 3 flowered inflorescence with much shorter than the ovary, triangular, acute floral bracts and carrying resupinate, non fragrant flowers with brown sepals and a yellow lip.

CAUTION!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! According to Hagsater 2014, Epidendrum monzonense Kraenzl. part of GROUP Saxicola characterized by the pseudobulbous stems, racemose inflorescence subtended by a prominent spathaceous bract, and few, showy flowers, either resupinate or non-resupinate. The species is recognized by the creeping habit, fusiform, uni-foliate pseudobulbs, the erect, few-flowered inflorescence, non-resupinate, second, purple flowers, the petals oblanceolate, the cordiform lip united to the column throughout. has shorter, oblong leaves 2.4 to 3.6" x .6 to .8" [6 to 9 x 1.5 to 2 cm], brown sepals .6 x .2 [15 x 5 mm] and a yellow lip .4 x .6" [10 x 15], with the mid-lobe widely obcordate, the sides semi-circular, and a fleshy mucro in the apical sinus. Similar to and sometimes refered as a synonym of E monzonense Epidendrum herreranum according to Hagsater both are good species.


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchids of Peru Vol 2 Schweinfurth 1959 as E harmsianum; Orchids of Peru Vol 2 Schweinfurth 1959; Machu Picchu Orchids Christenson 2003 as E herreranum Photos fide; Machu Picchu Orchids Christenson 2003; Icones Orchidacearum 14 Plate 1438 Hagsater & Collanthes 2013 See recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 14 Plate 1487 Hagsater & Santiago 2013 See recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 17(2) Plate 1757 Hagsater & Jimenez 2020 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 17(2) Plate 1796 Hagsater & Jimenez 2020 see recognition section;