Epidendrum munchiquense Hágsater, E.Santiago & García-Revelo 2015 GROUP Macrostachym SUBGROUP Macrostachyum

Photo by © Padre Pedro Ortiz

TYPE Drawing

TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez and The AMO Herbaria Website


Common Name The Munchique Epidendrum [A National Park in Cauca department of Colombia]

Flower Size 1.2” [3 cm]

Found in Cauca and Valle de Cauca departments of Colombia, in montane broadleaf forests at elevations of 1700 to 2600 meters as a large sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial or lithophyte with branching when mature, cane-like, terete, erect, straight stems carrying numerous on the main stem, alternate, all along the stem, narrowly elliptic, acute to subacute, margin entire, slightly revolute leaves that blooms in the later spring though late fall on a terminal, without a spathe, racemose, erect, occuring only once, peduncle 1.6 to 1.72” [4 to 4.3 cm] long, terete, erect, straight, with a widely triangular, acute median bract, rachis 13.2 to 13.6” [33 to 34 cm] long, terete, gradually thinner towards the apex, simultaneously 19 to 21 flowered inflorescence with prominent, slightly longer than the ovary, progressively shorter above, triangular, acute, amplexicaul floral bracts and carrying non-resupinate, fleshy, scarlet flowers that turn greyish brown after the pollina is extracted.

"Epidendrum munchiquense belongs to the GROUP Macrostachym SUBGROUP Macrostachyum , which is characterized by the monopodial plants with sub-apical branching, rugose leaf sheaths, large leaves generally spreading, racemose, erect inflorescence, and fleshy flowers generally green to black (ripe olive colored), as well as yellow to pink to purple, with an entire, conduplicate, generally ecallose and pubescent lip embracing the column, and the nectary pubescent to papillose in front of the stigmatic cavity and at least at the base of the lip. The species is recognized by the elongate inflorescence to 16" [40 cm] long, erect and few-flowered, the flowers simultaneous, laxly distributed throughout the rachis, sepals and petals .64 to .72" [14 to 18 mm] long, apex acute, nectary wide throughout. Epidendrum chondrochilum Schltr. has a pyramidal, many flowered inflorescence, densely distributed, successive flowers, sepals .44 to .46' [11 to 11.5 mm] long, the apices obtuse, and the nectary narrow throughout. Epidendrum oxycalyx Hágsater & Dodson has densely aggregate flowers throughout the rachis, sepals .6 to .92" [15 to 23 mm] long, apex acuminate, nectary narrow and the lip triangular with the base deeply cordate." Hagsater etal 2015


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Icones Orchidacearum 15 [1] Plate 1509 Hagsater & Sanchez 2015 see recognition section; * Icones Orchidacearum 15 [1] Plate 1544 Hagsater & Santiago & Garcia-Revelo 2015 drawing/photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 15 [1] Plate 1547 Hagsater & Sanchez 2015 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 15 [1] Plate 1550 Hagsater & Sanchez 2015 see recognition section; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017 photo ok; Icones Orchidacearum 16[1] Plate 1642 Hagsater & Sanchez 2018 see recognition section