Epidendrum nicaraguense Scheeren ex Hágsater 1993 GROUP Arbusculum

Plant in situ in Nicaragua

Side View Of Flower

Photos by © Sune Holt

TYPE Drawing

TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website

Fragrance Part shade CoolWinterSpring

Common Name The Nicaraguan Epidendrum

Flower Size [1.2" [3 cm]

Found only in Nicaragua in cloud forests at elevations of 1300 to 1600 meters as a medium to large sized, cool growing epiphyte or rarely lithophyte with simple, cane-like, erect, terete stems carrying 3, clustered towards the apex, narrowly elliptic, acute, basally clasping leaves that blooms in the winter through spring on a terminal, arcuate, racemose, 5" [12.5 cm] long, to 15 flowered inflorescence arising on a mature cane and with well spaced triangular, acuminate bracts and triangular, acuminate floral bracts and carrying simultaneously opening, resupinate flowers that are nocturnally fragrant.

"The pale pink and white flowers with orange-yellow calli and the sweet nocturnal fragrance separate this species easily from its relatives. These traits are unique in the GROUP Arbusculum characterized by the successive lateral growths arising from the middle of the previous stem and carrying a few leaves aggregate towards the apex that blooms on an arching, terminal inflorescence with membraneous, colorful flowers with a bicallose lip. . Epidendrum camposii Hágsater has whitish-pink flowers, but the white calli which are continuous with the lateral keels of the disc. Epidendrum magnificum Schltr, has deep pink to deep purple flowers, is known only from Guerrero, Mexico, and the flowers are odorless. Epi­dendrum arbuscula Lindl., from Guatemala, may also have pinkish flowers, but the lip is differently shaped. Another related species from El Salvador and Guatemala is E. polychromium Hágsater, which can be separated by multicolored flowers with a conspicuous purplish ring around the disc of the lip," Hagsater etal 1993


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 118 Hagsater & Sanchez 1993 see recognition section; * Icones Orchidacearum 2 plate 162 Hagsater, Salazar 1993 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1129 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 see Recognition; Icones Orchidacearum 13 Plate 1301 Hagsater 2010 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum Part 13 Plate 1374 Hagsater 2010 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum Part 13 Plate 1374 Hagsater 2010 see recognition section; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018