Epidendrum oenochromum Hágsater & Dodson 2004 GROUP Arbusculum SUBGROUP Incomptum

TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez and The AMO Herbaria Website


Common Name The Wine Colored Epidendrum

Flower Size 1” [2.5 cm]

Found in central Ecuador without locational data as a small sized epiphyte with successive, cane-like, terete, straight, thick, the new stem arising from the middle internode of the previous stem carrying 3 to 4, aggregate towards the apex of the stems, coriaceous, oblong-lanceolate, subacute, margin entire leaves that blooms in the early summer on a terminal, racemose, nutant, arching, occuring only once, peduncle short, terete, thin, straight, successively 3, 6 flowered inflorescence with shorter than the ovary, triangular-lanceolate, acute floral bracts and carrying resupinate, non fragrant, burgundy red flowers with a green column with a reddish band near the apex.

"Epidendrum oenochromum belongs to the GROUP Arbusculum SUBGROUP Incomptum characterized by the sympodial habit, the new growth produced from the mid-nodes of the previous cane-like growth below the leaves, the apical inflorescence flowering one time only, and the roots produced at the base of each new growth, not at the intermediate nodes, the flowers fleshy. The new species is recognized by the fleshy, thickened, burgundy-red floral segments, the orbicular lateral lobes of the lip, oblong, 3-veined petals. It is somewhat similar to Epidendrum pomecense from northern Colombia, which is much more delicate, and has green flowers with the apex of the column reddish purple. In Ecuador, Epidendrum prietoi Hágsater & Dodson is somewhat similar, but has dirty yellow flowers with the veins purplish, single veined petals and short calli, the ovary somewhat inflated ventrally towards the apical half and the lip 3-lobed. Epidendrum homoion Hágsater & Dodson, from the Amazon s de of the Andes in Ecuador has wider floral segments with the lip .56 to .64" x 1.04 to 1.12" [14 to 16 x 26 to 28 mm], 3-veined petals, and a straight column. Epidendrum yambalense Hágsater & Dodson, has narrower and more acute segments, with the midlobe of the lip apiculate." Hagsater etal 2004


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; * Icones Orchidacearum 7 Plate 768 Hagsater & Dodson 2004 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 7 Plate 779 Hagsater and Sanchez 2004 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 15 [1] Plate 1537 Hagsater & Sanchez 2015 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 18(2) Plate 1882 Hagsater & Jimenez 2021 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 18(2) Plate 1891 Hagsater & Jimenez 2021