Epidendrum pallidovirens Hágsater, E.Santiago & J.Duarte 2020 GROUP Saxicola

Photo of plant and flowers in situ Peru

TYPE LCDP Photo by © R. Repasky & A. Cisneros /TYPE Photo by © M. Noboa and The AMO Herbario Website

Common Name The Pale Green Epidendrum [refers to the flower color]

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found in Cusco department of Peru, along the upper amazon slope of the Andes at elevations of 2609 to 3000 meters as a miniature sized, cold growing epiphyte with thin, forming fusiform, pale green pseudobulbs, covered by 2 membranaceous, somewhat imbricated, scarious, becoming fibrous with age sheaths and carrying a single, apical, articulate, pale green, coriaceous, blade oblong, obtuse, margin entire, spreading leaf that blooms in the summer on a terminal, erect, arising through a single, covering the basal 2/3 of the peduncle, tubular, oblong, conduplicate, apex rounded, pale green spathe, peduncle 1.12 to 3.58" [2.8 to 3.8 cm] long, terete, thin, straight, erect, pale green, rachis .32 to .64" [0.8 to 1.6 cm] long, racemose, 3.04 to 3.2" [7.6 to 8.0 cm] long including the flowers, laxly simultaneously 2 to 3 flowered inflorescence with much shorter than the ovary, triangular-ovate, acute, embracing floral bracts and carrying resupinate, pale green flowers with the apex of the column creamy white and the fragrance was not registered.

"Epidendrum pallidovirens belongs to the GROUP Saxicola characterized by the pseudobulbous stems, caespitose or scandent habit, the prominent spathaceous bract apically rounded, few-flowered, erect inflorescence, the flowers purple or yellow, and the surface of the vegetative structures often rugose. The new species is recognized by the 2 to 3, pale green flowers, the apex of the column creamy white, sepals .64 to .6" [14 to 15 mm] long, petals .52 x .12" [13 x 3 mm], spatulate, lip strongly convex in natural position, apex obtuse, revolute and thus appearing emarginate. Epidendrum milpoënse Hágsater & E.Santiago has 2 green flowers, sepals .72 to .76" [18 to 19 mm] long, petals .64 to .7" x .2 to .28" [16.0 to 17.5 x 5 to 7 mm], rhombic-spatulate, lip widely cordiform, apex spreading, never revolute. Epidendrum harmsianum Kraenzl. has 2 yellow flowers, petals .56 x .16" [14 x 4 mm], oblanceolate, lip .52 x .28 to .32" [13 x 7 to 8 mm], transversely ovate-oblong, base sub-cordate. Epidendrum saxicola Kraenzl. has 2 purple flowers with lip white, sepals .6 x ,2 to .24" [15 x 5-6 mm], petals .52 x .1" [13.0 x 2.5 mm], narrowly spatulate-oblanceolate, lip .32 x .48" [8 x 12 mm], 3-lobed. Epidendrum repaskyae Hágsater, E.Santiago & J.Duarte has 4 creamy white flowers, sepals .44 to .48" [11 to 12 mm] long, petals .4 x .228" [10.0 x 5.7 mm], elliptic, lip 3-lobed with the mid-lobe sub-quadrate." Hagsater etal 2020


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; * Icones Orchidacearum 17(2) Plate 1785 Hagsater & Jimenez 2020 TYPE Drawing/Photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 17(2) Plate 1795 Hagsater & Jimenez 2020 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 17(2) Plate 1796 Hagsater & Jimenez 2020 see recognition section;