Epidendrum × nocteburneum Hágsater & L.Sánchez 2008 GROUP Nocturnum SUBGROUP Nocturnum

TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website

Part Shade Hot Winter SpringSummer Fall

Common Name The Night Scented White Epidendrum

Flower Size 4" [10 cm]

Found in Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama at elevations around 100 meters as a small to medium sized, hot growing epiphyte with an erect, simple, cane-like, laterally compressed stem carrying 6 to 7, towards the apex, coriaceous, elliptic-lanceolate, evident dorsal keel, bilobed leaves that blooms at most any time of the year on a terminal, on a mature stem, racemose to pluriracemose, successively single, many flowered, over several years inflorescence with much shorter than the ovary, triangular, acuminate floral bracts and carrying resupinate flowers with the sepals and petals green to yellowish green, the lip white the column white or apically white and basally green and the calli are yellow .

"The natural hybrid between E eburneum and Epidendrum nocturnum Jacq. is named Epidendrum × nocteburneum and is partr of GROUP Nocturnum SUBGROUP Nocturnum which has cane-like stems, non-thickened towards the middle, and usually successive flowers; the flowers are mostly indistinguishable in shape. The species can be recognized by the laterally compressed stems wide towards the apex .16 to .4" [4 to 10 mm] wide, long leaves 3 to 5.8" [7.5 to 14.5 cm long), 3-lobed lip, the lateral lobes obliquely oblong, and the body of the capsule occupying 3/4 of the ovary, slightly above the middle. Epidendrum nocturnum Jacq. is widely distributed and has terete stems .08 to .2" [2 to 5 mm] thick, somewhat shorter leaves 1.6 to 5" [4 to 12.5 cm] long, the lateral lobes of the lip ovate to ovate-lanceolate, and the body of the capsule occupying nearly the whole length of the ovary, and localed in the middle of the fruit. Epidendrum eburneum Rchb.f. has laterally compressed stems, wide towards the apex, and an entire, suborbicular, apiculate lip, rarely wilh a shallow sinus on each side of the apicule, and the body of the capsule occupying much of the length of the fruit. Epidendrum ocotalense Hágsater & l.Sánchez is endemic to Nicaragua, at 1200 meters in elevation, has short plants, ancipitose, narrow stems to .2" [5 mm] wide, narrow leaves .4 to .8" [1 to 2 cm] wide, small flowers with sepals .6 to .72" [15 to 18 mm] lon), and the midlobe of the lip is short, subquadrate with the apex triangular, obtuse, only slightly longer than the lateral lobes. Epidendrum angustilobum Fawc. & Rendle (syn. Epidendrum latifolium (Lindl.) Garay & Sweet ranges widely in the Antilles, the northern coast of South America in Colombia, Venezuela and the Guyanas, and is rare in Costa Rica and Panama, and has tall, ancipitose stems, a very long ovary 48 to 80" [120 to 200 mm] long, and wide leaves .08 to 2.8" [2 to 7 cm, with ovate-triangular lateral lobes of the lip, and lhe body of the capsule short and above the middle of the fruit. Epidendrum buenventurae F.Lehm. & Kraenzl. ranges along the Pacific walershed from southern Mexico on the Isthmus of Tehuantepec through Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama to Colombia, and has shorter plants .68 to 12" [17 to 30 cm] tall, narrow stems .08 to .18" [2 to 4.5 mm] thick, the leaves green above, tinged purple-red below, small flowers with sepals 1 to 1.84" [25 to 46 mm] long, a short ovary 1.4 to 2" [13.5 to 50 mm] long, and the body of the capsule occupying half the length of the ovary and in the middle. Epidendrum mesocarpum Hágsater grows at higher altitudes (900-2000 meters) in southern Mexico (between Oaxaca and Chiapas), Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua, and has flaltened, ancipitose stems, a long ovary 4.8 to 6.4" [120 to 160 mm] lon), and an elongate body of the capsule, 1.8 to 2.8" [45 to 70 mm] long." Hagsater etal 2008


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI Icones Orchidacearum 11 Plate 1121 Hagsater 2008 see recognition section; *Icones Orchidacearum 11 Plate 1148 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 drawing fide