!Fernandezia subbiflora Ruiz & Pav. 1798 SECTION Fernandezia

Plant and Flowers in situ in Ecuador

Photos by Eric Hunt


Common Name The Almost Always Two Flowered Fernandezia

Flower Size 1 1/4" [3 cm]

Found in Ecuador and Peru as a monopodial, pendant to arcuate growing epiphyte in cool wet cloud forests at elevations of 2100 to 3100 meters with simple, erect stems that are enveloped by distichous, imbricating leaf-bearing sheaths that branch with smaller plants at the base, ovate, conduplicate, falcate-sigmoid, thick, rugose, dark green, basally clasping leaves that blooms on a lateral, axillary, subsessile, single flowered inflorescence occurring in the winter and early spring.

Synonyms Centropetalum distichum Lindl. 1838; Centropetalum warscewiczii Rchb. f. 1852; Fernandezia disticha (Lindl.) Schltr. 1920; Fernandezia pulchra Schltr. 1921; Fernandezia warscewiczii (Rchb. f.) Schltr.1920; Pachyphyllum subbiflorum (Ruiz & Pav.) Schltr. 1921

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Lankester's Epidendra Website CR ; *Syst. Veg. Fl. Peruv. Chil.: 240. 1798; Sert. Orchid.: t. 21. 1838 as Centropetalum distichum; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 10: 706. 1852 as Centropetalum warszewiczii; Xenia Orchidaceae Rchb.f 1854 as Centropetalum distichum and Centropetalum warscewiczii drawing; Die Orchideen der Sudamerikanischen Kordillerenstaaten IV Peru Schlechter 1921 as F pulchra; Orchids of Peru Vol 4 Scweinfurth 1961 as Pachyphyllum subbiflorum; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 433 Dodson 1982 drawing fide; Orchids Travel By Air A Pictoral Safari Mulder, Mulder-Roelfsema and Schuiteman 1990 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum Plate 057 Bennett & Christenson 1993 drawing fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 31 1905 - 1976 Brieger 1995 drawing/photo good; ; AOS Bulletin Vol 70 # 12 2001 photo ok; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 2 COS 2001 photo fide; Orchid Species Culture: Oncidium, Bakers 2006; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Mille et Une Mini Orchideees Roguenant 2009 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 81 #1 2012 photo fide;