!Frondaria caulescens (Lindl.) Luer 1986

Photo by S Manning and the The Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Jany Renz Herbaria Website

Plant in situ Ecuador

Photo by Ecuagenera and their Ecuador Orchid Website

Flower Closeup



Original Drawing by Padre Pedro Ortiz Conserved at the Herbario de la Universidad Javeriana, Bogota Colombia

Deep ShadeCoolColdWinterSpring SummerFall

Common Name or Meaning The Stem Forming Frondaria

Flower Size .32" [8 mm]

Found in Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia at elevations of 1300 to 3200 meters as a miniature sized, cool to cold growing epiphyte with an erect, basally branching stem enveloped completely by imbricating leaf bearing sheaths and carrying linear, acute, narrowing below into the tubular base leaves that blooms in the winter, spring and summer on an erect, terminal, secund, several to many flowered inflorescence.

Synonyms Humboldtia caulescens (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; *Pleurothallis caulescens Lindl. 1834; Pleurothallis graminea Schlt. 1921

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen der Sudamerikanischen Kordillerenstaaten IV Peru Schlechter 1921 Pleurothallis graminea; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Systematics of the Pleurothallidinae Vol 1 1986 drawing fide; Native Colombian ORchids Vol 5 COS 1994 photo fide; Orchids of Bolivia Ibisch & Vasquez 2000; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 2 Dodson 2001 drawing/photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 42-43 pg 2624 - 2756 Brieger 2001 drawing fide; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide