Galearis cyclochila (Franch. & Sav.) So 1969

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Common Name The Circular Lip Galearis - In China Luan Chun Kui Hua Lan

Flower Size .8" [2 cm]

Found in western Siberia, Japan, Korea and Heilongiang, Jilin and northeastern Qinghaiin states of China in forests and scrub at elevations of 1000 to 2900 meters as a miniature to small sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial with a slender stem with 1 to 2, tubular, membraneous basal sheaths and carrying a green, broadly elliptic, broadly ovate to suborbicular, thickly textured, obtuse to obtuse rounded, abruptly contracted below into the conduplicate sheath base leaf that blooms in the spring on a terminal, erect, slender, 2 to 5" [5 to 12.5 cm] long, rachis branching at the apex, 1 to rarely 2 flowered inflorescence with subopposite, oblong-lanceolate to narrowly ovate, obtuse to subacute apically floral bracts.

Synonyms Aorchis cyclochila (Franch. & Sav.) T.Hashim. 1987; Galearis cyclochila var palczewskii [Kraenzl.] Soo 1969; Galeorchis cyclochila (Franch. & Sav.) Nevski 1935; Galeorchis cyclochila var palczewskii [Kraenzl.] Soo 1966; Gymnadenia cyclochila (Franch. & Sav.) Korsh. 1892; *Habenaria cyclochila Franch. & Sav. 1878; Orchis cyclochila (Franch. & Sav.) Maxim. 1887; Orchis palczewskii Kraenzl. 1913

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Orchis cyclochila; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Orchis palczewskii; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 4 193 to 256 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1973; AOS Bulletin Vol 44 #8 1975; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 1 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo hmm