Galearis spathulata (Lindl.) P.F.Hunt 1971

Photo by Thingnam Girij and the Flowers of India Website


Photo by Corona55 and his Flickr Photo Website


Common Name The Spathulate Galearis - In China Er Yu Kui Hua Lan

Flower Size 1/2" [1.25 cm]

Found in the western Himalayas, the eastern Himalayas, the Chinese Himalayas, Nepal and Myanmar on turf on open hillsides, on damp rocks, and in open damp grazed meadows under rhododendron at elevations of 2800 to 4500 meters as a mini-miniature to miniature sized, cold growing terrestrial with a glabrous stem carrying a single, ovate to ovate-elliptic, subacute, channeled, petiolate base leaf that blooms in the late spring and early summer on a glabrous, erect, densely 1 to 5 flowered inflorescence with a lanceolate, acute floral bract.

Synonyms Aorchis spathulata (Lindl.) Verm. 1972; Aorchis spathulata var. wilsonii (Schltr.) So 1974 publ. 1975; Galearis diantha (Schltr.) P.F.Hunt 1971; Galeorchis diantha (Schltr.) So 1966; Galeorchis reichenbachii (Lindl.) Nevski 1935; Galeorchis spathulata (Lindl.) So 1966; *Gymnadenia spathulata Lindl. 1835; Habenaria spathulata (Lindl.) Benth. 1881; Orchis diantha Schltr 1924; Orchis spathulata (Lindl.) Rchb.f. ex Hook.f. 1890; Orchis spathulata var. foliosa Finet 1901; Orchis spathulata var. wilsonii Schltr. 1924; Oreorchis wilsonii Schltr. 1934; Ponerorchis diantha (Schltr.) So 1974 publ. 1975;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Icones Plantarum Vol 22 Hooker 1894 as Orchis spathulata drawing ok; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 as Orchis spathulata drawing good; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906 as Orchis spathulata; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Orchis spathulata; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Orchis spathulata; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 4 193 to 256 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1973 as Aorchis spathulata; Indian Orchids: Guide to Identification and Culture Pradhan 1976 as Orchis spathulata Orchids of Bhutan Pearce and Cribb 2002 as Aorchis spathulata drawing fide; Native Orchids of Shaanxi Shaanxi Science & Technology Press 2007 drawing fide as Orchis diantha; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; Orchids of Huanglong Perner, Tang Si-Yuan 2007 as G diantha photos ok; Orchids of Huanglong Perner, Tang Si-Yuan 2007 photos ok; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Mountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 as Orchis spathulata photo ok; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing ok; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; LANKESTERIANA 15(1): 750. Jeewan Singh Jalal & J. Jayanthi 2015; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 1 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide