Gastrodia javanica (Blume) Lindl. 1840

Photos by Dr. E.F. de Vogel, courtesy of André Schuiteman and Jaap Vermeulen and Their Netherlands National Herbarium Website

Partial Shade Hot LATEWinter Spring

Common Name or Meaning The Javanese Gastrodia - In China Nan Tian Ma

Flower Size .6" [1.7cm]

Found in Taiwan, Thailand, Borneo, Java, Malaysia, Sumatra and the Philippines in evergreen forests at elevations near sea level as a large sized, hot growing, mycoheterotrophic terrestrial with a fleshy and cylindrical rhizome giving rise in the late winter through spring spring to a purple brown erect, to 2' [60 cm] long, 2 to 10 flowered inflorescence with triangular acute floral bracts.

Synonyms *Epiphanes javanica Blume 1825; Gastrodia hasseltii Blume 1856; Gastrodia javanica f. thalassina Yokota 1998 publ. 1999; Gastrodia lutea Fukuy 1935; Gastrodia malayana Ridl. 1907; Gastrodia stapfii Hayata 1911

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Smith 1905; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Smith 1905 as G hasseltii; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Smith 1908 drawing fide; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Holttum 1957; Orchids of Southern Ryukyu Islands Garay & Sweet 1974 drawing fide; Botanisk Tidsskrift Bind 71 1-30 Contributions to the Orchid Flora of Thailand VII Seidenfaden 1976 drawing fide; Dansk Botanisk Arkiv Bind 32 nr 2 Orchids of Thailand VI Neottiideae Seidenfaden 1978 drawing fide; Orchids of Java Comber 1990 photo fide; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia and Singapore Woods and Seidenfaden 1992 drawing fide; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001; Orchids of Sarawak Beaman, Wood & Beaman etal 2001; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003; Wild Orchids of the Cameron Highlands REACH 2009 photo not??; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 drawing/photo fide; Wild Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong, O'Byrne, Yong & Saw 2011 photo fide