!Gastrochilus calceolaris [Buch.-Ham. ex Sm.] D. Don 1825 SECTION Gastrochilus

Photo by Eric Hunt

Another Flower

Photo by Jay Pfahl


Photo by Thien Phien Plant in situ Cameron Highlands Malaysia

Photo by David Khuen

FragrancePart sunColdTo Hot Spring

Common Name The Shoe-Shaped Gastrochilus - In China - Pen Ju Lan

Flower Size to about 3/4" [to 2 cm]

Found in the eastern Himalayas, Assam India, Nepal, Myanmar, Thailand, Yunnan and Hainan provinces of China, Vietnam, Malaysia, Borneo, Sumatra and the Philippines in evergreen lowland forests or primary montane forests at elevations of 200 to 2300 meters as a medium sized, cold to hot growing monmopodial epiphytic orchid with a very short stem carrying strongly falcate, linear-lanceolate, acutely, unequally bilobed apically leaves that blooms in the fall and winter on a very short to 2" [5 cm] long, corymbose, pendant, purple spotted, stout, few flowered inflorescence with small bracts carrying slightly fragrant, waxy, long-lasting, pubescent flowers that are translucent cream marked with dark brown spots. The lip is white with a bright yellow central patch and is fringed.

Synonyms *Aerides calceolare Buch.-Ham. ex Sm. 1818; Aerides leopardorum Wall. ex Hook. 1890; Epidendrum calceolare (Buch.-Ham. ex Sm.) D.Don 1825; Gastrochilus calceolaris var. biflora L.R.Shakya & M.R.Shrestha 2007; Gastrochilus carnosus Z.H.Tsi 1996; Gastrochilus garhwalensis Z.H.Tsi, Guihaia 16: 138 (1996; Gastrochilus philippinensis Ames 1915; Gastrochilus sororius Schlechter 1913; Saccolabium calceolare (Buch.-Ham. ex Sm.) Lindl. 1833; Sarcochilus nepalensis Sprengl. 1828

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1878 as Saccolabium calceolare; Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/1995 as Saccolabium calceolare; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 as Saccolabium calceolare drawing fide; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Sm. 1905 as Saccolabium calceolare; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906 as Saccolabium calceolare; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Sm. 1908 as Saccolabium calceolare drawing fide; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Holttum 1957 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 32 No 1 1963; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1963 as G intermedius not drawing fide; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1963 drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 47 No 7 1978 as Saccolabium calceolare; Indian Orchids: A Guide to Identification and Culture Vol 2 Pradhan 1979 drawing good; The Complete Writings on Philippine Orchids Vol 1 Quisumbing 1981 drawing/photo fide; Orchidiana Philipiniana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 9 1985; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 19/20 1129 - 1264 Brieger 1988; Opera Botanica #95 Seidenfaden 1988 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991 as Saccolabium calceolare; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia and Singapore Seidenfaden & Wood 1992 drawing fide; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992 photo fide; Orchids of Malaya Segerback 1992 photo fide; Thai Orchid Species Rakpaibulsombat 1992 as G bigibus not photo fide; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; The Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen & Mori 1997; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; Beautiful Orchids of Nepal Rajbhandari & Bhattarai 2001; A to Z of South East Asian Orchid Species Vol 1 O'Byrne 2001 photo fide; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2001 photo good; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003; 100 Sikkim Himalayan Orchids Pradhan 2005 photo fide; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo good; Wild Orchids in Myanamar Vol 3 Tanaka 2007; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; Wild Orchids of The Cameron Highlands REACH 2009 photo fide; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Mountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Mille et Une Mini Orchideees Roguenant 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Illustrations Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing ok;The Atlas of Wild Orchids in Hainan Island, China Shenyan and Junmei 2010 photo plant only; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; Wild Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong, O'Byrne, Yong & Saw 2011 photo fide; Philippine Native Orchid Species Cootes 2011 photo fide; Turczaninowia 16(4):26-46 NEW AND RARE ORCHIDS (ORCHIDACEAE) IN THE FLORA OF CAMBODIA AND LAOS Averyanov 2013 ; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 6 Epidendrodeae Part 3 Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2014; LANKESTERIANA 15(1): 750. Jeewan Singh Jalal & J. Jayanthi 2015; AOS Bulletin Vol 85 #2 2016 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 88 # 6 2019 photo fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 2 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide; Notes on the genus Gastrochilus (Orchidaceae) in Myanmar LIU, ZHOU, LI, TAN, ZYAW, XING, GAO 2020; Three new synonyms in Gastrochilus (Orchidaceae) with notes on typification of Gastrochilus calceolaris and misreport of Gastrochilus changjiangensis from India Bhattacharjee, Agrawala, Jalal and Deori 2021 Photo fide