Gastrochilus distichus (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891 SECTION Microphyllae Benth & Hook 1993

Photo by the Species Diversity of Bhutan Website

Plant and Flower

Photo by the Taiwan Orchid Website


Drawing by J.D. Hooker in A Century Of Indian Orchids

Common Name The Distichous Gastrochilus [refers to the leaves being 2 ranked] - In China - Lie Ye Pen Ju Lan

Flower Size .4 to 3/4" [1 to 1.8 cm]

Found in the eastern Himalayas, Nepal and China in shade on moss covered trees in dense rain forests at elevations of 1520 to 2700 meters as a small sized, cool to cold, pendant growing epiphyte with slender, clustered, pendent, branched stems enveloped by leaf bearing sheaths and carrying several, distichous, narrowly lanceolate, fleshy, acuminate, 2 to 3, needle pointed apex, sessile leaves that blooms in the spring on a leaf opposed, glabrous, slender, racemose, 2 to 4 flowered, more or less sigmoid-shaped inflorescence with 2 distant, lanceolate, basally tubular bracts and oblong, subacute floral bracts

CAUTION The drawing is most likely correct, the photos are not so pat, but match most photo references. I await better references.

Synonyms Gastrochilus biglandulosus Kuntze 1891; Gastrochilus jietouensis Ormerod 2013; Saccolabium distichum Lindl.1859

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1878 as Saccolabium distichus; A Century of Indian Orchids Vol 5 Hooker 1895 as Saccolabium distichuum drawing fide; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 as Saccolabium distichum drawing fide; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906 as Saccolabium distichum; Indian Orchids: A Guide to Identification and Culture Vol 2 Pradhan 1979 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 # 9 1985; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 19/20 1129 - 1264 Brieger 1988; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991 as Saccolabium distichum; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Mountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos ok; Taiwania, 58(1): 2034, Orchidaceous Additions to the Flora of China (II) Ormerod 2013 as Gastrochilus jietouensis drawing fide; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 6 Epidendrodeae Part 3 Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2014; Wulfenia 22 [2015]: 137 - 188 New Orchids in the Flora of Vietnam Averyanov, Nguyen, Tich, Nguyen, Nong, Nguyen and Xuan photo fide; LANKESTERIANA 15(1): 750. Jeewan Singh Jalal & J. Jayanthi 2015; Validation of Gastrochilus prionophyllus (Vandeae, Orchidaceae), a new species from Yunnan Province, China Wu Ye & Pan 2019; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 2 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide; Notes on the genus Gastrochilus (Orchidaceae) in Myanmar LIU, ZHOU, LI, TAN, ZYAW, XING, GAO 2020; Three new synonyms in Gastrochilus (Orchidaceae) with notes on typification of Gastrochilus calceolaris and misreport of Gastrochilus changjiangensis from India Bhattacharjee, Agrawala, Jalal and Deori 2021 Photo fide