Geodorum densiflorum (Lam.) Schltr. 1919

Photo courtesy of Wolfgang H. Bandisch. Photo by Ly. Th. Westra and the Orchids Asia Website

Another Flower Color

Photo courtesy of Wolfgang H. Bandisch. Photo by Peter O'Byrne Copyright 1998, 1999 All rights reserved. And his Papua & New Guinea Orchid Species site

Full shadeHotWarmFallSpringSummer

Common Name The Densely Flowered Geodorum - In Japan - Tosaka-meoto-ran - In China Di Bao Lan

Flower Size 3/8" [1 cm]

Found in Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Sichuan and Yunnan provinces of China Assam, Bhutan, Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Andaman Islands, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Hong Kong, Borneo, Java, Sumatra, Malaysia, Lesser Sunda Islands, Moluccas, Sulawesi, Philippines, Bismark Islands, New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Queensland Australia, Western Australia, Fiji, Niue, New Caledonia, Samoa, Tonga, Vanuatu, Caroline Islands, Marianas Islands and Taiwan in moist grasslands, sandy areas behind beaches and rainforests as well as in semi-deciduous and deciduous dry lowland forests and savana-like woodlands at elevations of sea level to 1800 meters as a medium to small, hot to cool growing terrestrial orchid with underground, spherical pseudobulbs carrying, 2 to 5, thin-textured, lanceolate to oblong-elliptic, plicate, petiolate leaves that blooms in the spring, summer andfall with an erect, basal, 4 to 10" [10 to 25 cm] at the outset and extending to 12 to 16" [30 to 40 cm], many [10 to 25] flowered inflorescence with a short rachis and the waxy, non-spreading flowers crowded at the apex that always has a "U" shape to it, with the flowers clustered on the downward side until fertilization occurs which causes it to straighten out, as it continues to arise with a new growth.

In the Moluccas this species leaves are pounded and then applied to allieviate running sores.

Synonyms Arethusa glutinosa Blanco 1837; Cistella cernua (Willd.) Blume 1825; Cymbidium nutans (Roxb.) Sw. 1799; Cymbidium pictum R. Br. 1810; Dendrobium haenkeanum Steud. 1840; Dendrobium nutans C.Presl. 1827; Epidendrum tuberosum G.Forst. 1786; Geodorum densiflorum var. kalimpongense R.Yonzone, Lama & Bhujel 2012; Geodorum dilatatum R.Br. 1813; Geodorum formosanum Rolfe ex Hemsl. 1895; Geodorum fucatum Lindl 1834; Geodorum neocaledonicum Kraenzl. 1929; Geodorum nutans Ames 1908; Geodorum pacificum Rolfe 1908; Geodorum pictum (R. Br.) Lindl. 1833; Geodorum purpureum Sensu Ridl. 1907; Geodorum rariflorum Lindl. 1855; Geodorum semicristatum Lindl. 1855; Geodorum tricarinatum Schltr. 1911; *Limodorum densiflorum Lam. 1783; Malaxis cernua Willd. 1805; Ortmannia cernua (Willd.) Opiz 1834; Otandra cernua (Willd.) Salisb. 1812; Tropidia grandis Hance 1873

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1857 as G dilitatum; Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/1995 as G dilatatum; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Sm. 1905 as G purpureum; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Sm. 1908 as G purpureum drawing fide; Studies in the Family Orchidaceae Fascile 2 Ames 1908 sd G nutans; Orchidaceae of German New Guinea Schlechter 1912 as G pictum drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as G pictum; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 4 1958 as G purpureum drawing ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 28 No 4 1959 as G nutans; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 as G purpureum drawing, photo; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as G pictum; AOS Bulletin Vol 35 No 4 1966 as G pictum; The Orchids of Bombay Santapu and Kapadia 1966 drawing fide; Orchids of Australia Nicholls 1969 as G pictum drawing fide; Orchids of Southern Ryukyu Islands Garay & Sweet 1974 drawing; Flore de la Nouvelle-Caledonie et Dependences Vol 8 Orchidaceae Halle 1977 as G pictum drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 47 No 6 1978 as G nutans; The Orchids of Papua New Guinea An Introduction Millar 1978 photo fide; Indian Orchids Guide to Identification and Culture Vol 2 Pradhan 1979 drawing fide; The Complete Writings on Philippine Orchids Vol 1 Quisumbing 1981 as G nutans; A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon Vol 2 Dassanayake & Fosberg 1981 drawing fide; Opera Botanica #72 Orchid Genera in Thailand XI Cymbidiaeae Seidenfaden 1983 as Limodoeum densiflorum drawing fide; Orchidiana Philippiana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984; The Orchidaceae of German New Guinea Schlechter 1985 as Geodorum pictum; Orchids of North-West Himalaya Deva and Naithani 1986 drawing fide; Orchids of Nilgiris Joseph 1987 drawing fide; Orchids of Vanuatu Lewis & Cribb 1989; Orchids of Java Comber 1990; The Orchids of the Solomon Islands and Bougainville Lewis & Cribb 1991; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 25 1520 - 1584 Brieger 1991; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 25 1520 - 1584 Brieger 1991 as G pictum photo ok; Ferns and Orchids of the Mariana Islands Raulerson & Rinehart 1992 photo fide; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia and Singapore Seidenfaden & Wood 1992 drawing ok; The Plants of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Orchids Beaman, Wood, Beaman & Beaman 1993; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; Native Orchids of New Caledonia Societe' Neo-Caledonienne D' Orchidophile 1995 as G pictum photo fide; Orchdis of Nagaland Deorani and Naithani 1995 drawing fide; The Orchids of Samoa Cribb & Whistler 1996; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; Orchids of Papua New Guinea Millar 1999 photo fide; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001; Orchid Flora Of Kamrup District Assam Iswar Chandra Barua 2001 drawing ok; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002 drawing fide; Lindleyana Vol 17 No 1 2002; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003; Flora Malesiana Orchids of New Guinea Vol III Shuiteman and de Vogel 2006; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 drawing ok/photo fide; Wild Orchids of the Cameron Highlands REACH 2009 photo NOT?????; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos ok; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 photo fide; The Wild Orchids of Hong Kong Barretto, Cribb and Gale 2011 drawing fide/photo ok; A to Z of South East Asian Orchid Species Vol 2 O'Byrne 2011 as G candidum photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 83 #3 2014 photo fide; Orchids of Odisha Misra 2014 drawing/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 84 #9 2015 photo fide; LANKESTERIANA 15(1): 750. Jeewan Singh Jalal & J. Jayanthi 2015; AOS Bulletin Vol 85 #7 2016 photo fide; Malesian Orchid Journal Vol 18 2016 photo fide; A Century of New Orchid Records in Bhutan Royal Government of Bhutan 2017 drawing fide/photo fide; Lankesteriana Vol 18 [1]: 2362 Jalal & Jayanth 2018 photo fide; Orchids of Maharashtra Jalal 2018 photo Fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 2 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo not?;