Gomphichis caucana Schltr. 1920

Plant in situ and Inflorescence

Plant in situ and Inflorescence Photos by Universidad de los Andes and the Chingaza Botanical Website

Another Flower? Photo by Alexander Hirtz


Common Name The Cauca Gomphichis [refers to the department of Colombia where it is found]

Flower Size .2" [5mm]

Found in Venezuela, Colombia and Ecuador in wet upper montane cloud forests at elevations of 2700 to 3800 meters as a small sized, cold growing terrestrial with a fan of 8, basal, oblanceolate-ligulate, fleshy, acute to subacuminate, tapering towards the base leaves that blooms in the winter, spring and earlier summer on an erect, 16" [40 cm] long, cylindric, densely many flowered inflorescence enveloped by loose-fitting, lanceolate, subacute, pubescent sheaths, the lower ones may be foliaceous.

CAUTION I have no way of verifying this determination as it involves a dissection of the flower so please use with caution. The leaves in all drawings are elongate-linear to oblanceolate-ligulate, those in the photo are triangular-ovate and very short.

Synonyms Gomphichis foliosa Ames 1922

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 7: 53 Schlechter1920; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 57: 57 Schlechter1929 drawing good; Flora de Venezuela Volumen 15 Parte 1 Foldats as G foliosa Drawing hmm leaves wrong; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 6 Dunsterville & Garay 1976 drawing hmm leaves are wrong; Flora of Ecuador No 9 225[1] Garay 1978 drawing hmm leaves are wrong; Orchids of Venezuela An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing hmm leaves are wrong; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing hmm leaves are wrong; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 2 Dodson #661 2001 Photo good; Orchids of Peru Zelenko & Bermudez 2009 as G macbridei pg 149 photo fide to Hirtz another Flower?; Nowak, S., Szlachetko, D.L., Mytnik-Ejsmont, J. et al. Plant Syst Evol ( 301: 61. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00606-014-1054-4 2015; Orquideas Tesoro de Colombia Ortiz & Uribe 2017 drawing ok/photo not = G valida; Orquideas de Farallones de Cali Galindo-Tarazona, Haelterman, Zuluaga Trochez and Sebastian Moreno 2020 sa G cf caucana photo good