Gongora atropurpurea Hooker 1827 SECTION Grossa Photo by Eric Hunt and His Orchid Website

FragrancePart shadeHot To CoolSummer

Common Name The Black-Purple Gongora

Flower Size 2.5" [6.25 cm]

Found in Colombia, Venezuela, Trinidad, Guianas, Ecuador, Peru and northern Brazil at elevations around 50 to 2000 meters in mangrove estuaries in open places close to the ground and wet forests as a small to medium sized, hot to cool growing epiphtye with ovoid, rugose pseudobulbs carrying 1, apical, plicate, elliptic, acute, gradually narrowing below into the conduplicate, petiolate base leaves that blooms in the summer on a 2 1/4' [37.5 cm] long, sharply pendulous, reddish, loosely many flowered racemose inflorescence with fragrant [cloves], color variable flowers.

Synonyms Gongora heisteri Rchb.f. 1854; Gongora maculata var. atropurpurea (Hook.) Teusch. 1966; Gongora quinquenervis var. atropurpurea (Hook.) H.G.Jones 1972

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list IPNI ; Xenia Orchidaceae Rchb.f 1854; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Neo-Urbania adendrobium; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1927; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing ok; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VI Hoehne 1942; AOS Bulletin Vol 26 No 2 1957; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1959 as G quinquenervis drawing fide; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Orchids of Peru Schweinfurth 1970; Flora de Venezuela Volumen 15 Parte 4 Foldats 1970 drawing fide; Orquideologia Vol 12 No 3/4 1977/8 drawing; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Band 2 Pabst & Dungs 1977 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela, An illustrated field guide Vol. 1 Dunsterville and Garay 1979 as G quinquenervis drawing fide; Orquideologia Vol 14 #3 1981; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 5 COS 1994 photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 37/38 pg 2309 - 2436 Brieger 1999; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 2 Dodson 2001 photo fide; Guia Ilustrada Para la Clasificacion del Genero Gongora Toulemonde 2001 drawing/photo fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 2 Dodson 2002; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 drawing ok; Orquideas de la Serrania del Baudo Misas Urreta 2006 fide; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Orquideas Tesoro de Colombia Ortiz & Uribe 2017 photo/drawing fide;