Goodyera bifida (Blume) Blume 1858

Photos by André Schuiteman, courtesy of Dr. E.F. de Vogel and Jaap Vermeulen and Their Netherlands National Herbarium Website

Flower Closeup

Photo by © David Kuehn

Full Shade Cool Cold Fall

Common Name or Meaning The Clefted Goodyeara - In Thailand Chom phu phrai wan

Flower Size 1/2" [1.2 cm]

Found in Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Malaysia, Sulawesi and Sumatra in lower montane forests at elevations around 1100 to 2200 meters as a medium sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial orchid with an upright leafy stem carrying 4 to 6, ovate, acuminate, acute, gradually narrowing below into the petiolate, broadening base leaf that envelops the stem which blooms in the fall on a terminal, hairless, 3 to 4.4" [7 to 11 cm] long, 15 flowered inflorescence with leafy, lanceolate, acute floral bracts with successive opening flowers

Synonyms Epipactis bifida (Blume) A.A.Eaton 1908; Georchis bifida (Blume) Rchb.f, 1857; Georchis calva Lindl. 1857; *Neottia bifida Blume 1825; Orchiodes bifidum (Blume) Kuntze 1891; Orchiodes calvum (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1857 as Georchis bifida; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Smith 1905; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Smith 1908 drawing fide; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, sér. 3, 10: 5 J J Smith 1928; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Orchids Holttum 1957; Orchids of Java Comber 1990 photo fide; The Orchids of Penninsular Mayasia and Singapore Seidenfaden & wood 1992 drawing ok; The Plants of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Orchids Beaman, Wood, Beaman & Beaman 1993; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001 photo fide; Lindleyana Vol 17 No 1 2002; Flora's Orchids Nash & La Croix 2005; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 photo ok; Wild Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong, O'Byrne, Yong & Saw 2011 photo fide; Flora Of Thailand Orchidaceae Vol 12 Part 1 Pedersen, Kurzweil, Suddee & Cribb 2011 drawing fide/photo good; A to Z of South East Asian Orchid Species Vol 2 O'Byrne 2011 photo fide; Checklist of Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong O'Byrne, Saw & Chung 2017