Goodyera pubescens (Willd.) R.Br. 1813

Plant and Flowers

Photo by Jim Fowler and his P-Base Orchid North American Orchid Website



Photo courtesy of Zachary Bradford

Part shadeCold Springand EARLY fall

Common Name The Hairy Goodyera - in USA - The Downy Rattlesnake Plantain

Flower Size 1/4" [2 mm]

This small to medium sized, cold growing terrestrial orchid occurs in Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, Maine, New hampshire, Vermont, Rhode Conneticutt, Massechutsetts, New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Ohio, Michigan, Indiana, Kentucky, Illinois, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Missouri, Iowa, Oklahoma, Arkansas , Alabama, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Tennesea, Virginia, Maryland, Washington DC and Florida in montane forests with 3 to 8, oblong-elliptic, bluish green with white reticulated leaves held in a basal rosette blooming in the spring through early fall on an erect, terminal, few bracted, densely pubescent, to 20" [50 cm] long, densely many flowered, cylindrical inflorescence.

The leaves of this species have been used to treat scrofula by our native Americans.

Synonyms Epipactis pubescens (Willd.) A.A.Eaton 1908; Epipactis willdenovii House 1910; Goodyera pubescens var. minor Sims 1825; *Neottia pubescens Willd. 1805; Neottia repens Pursh 1813; Orchiodes pubescens (Willd.) Kuntze 1891; Peramium pubescens (Willd.) Curtiss ex Small & Vail 1893; Peramium tesselatum A.Heller 1900; Satyrium repens Michx. 1803; Tussaca reticulata Raf. 1814

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1927; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing good; AOS Bulletin Vol 28 No 4 1959; AOS Bulletin Vol 33 No 5 1964 photo fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 drawing fide; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 1 1969 erroneous; The Natve Orchids of Florida Luer 1972 drawing/photo fide; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 5 257- 320 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1974; Native Orchids of the United States and Canada Luer 1975 drawing/photos fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 47 No 6 1978 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 11 1979 photo fide; Field Guide to the Orchids of North America Williams 1983; AOS Bulletin vol 53 no 7 1984 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 56 No 2 1987 photo fide; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon 1992; Schlechteriana Vol 4 No 4 1993; Manual Of Orchids Stewart 1995; AOS Bulletin Vol 66 No 6 1997 photo plant only; AOS Bulletin Vol 68 No 4 1999 photo fide; Wild Orchids of the SE USA PM Brown 2004; AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 4 2005 photo plant only; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 10 2008 leaves only photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 79 #1 2010 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 79 #7 2010 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 80 #8 2011 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 81 #6 2012 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 83 #8 2014 drawingfide; Of Men and Orchids Part 1 Jenny 2015 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 85 #1 2016 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 88 #5 2019 photo fide;