Goodyera rubicunda (Blume) Lindl. 1839 SECTION Otosepalum



Photos by © Jaap Vermeulen, courtesy of Dr. E.F. de Vogel, and André Schuiteman and Their Netherlands National Herbarium Website

Full shade Hot Cool LATEFallEARLY Winter

Common Name or Meaning The Reddish Goodyera - in Australia - The Giant Jewel Orchid - In China Hong Hua Ban Ye Lan

Flower Size 1/4" [1.6 cm]

Found in the Chinese Himalayas, Ryukyu Islands, Taiwan, Assam, Eastern Himalayas, Malaysia, Borneo, Java, Sumatra, Lesser Sunda Islands, Moluccas, The Philippines, Sulawesi, Bismark, New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Queensland Australia, Fiji, New Caledonia, Samoa, Tonga and Vanuatu in moist hill and lower montane forests in shady locations and in leaf litter among limestone boulders at elevations of 100 to 1500 meters as a medium to large sized, hot to cool growing terrestrial orchid with an erect, 20" to 26" [50 to 65 cm] long, lower third leafy stems carrying 10 or more, light green, ovate, undulate margins, acuminate, acute, basally broadening and clasping the stem leaves that blooms in the late fall and early winter on an erect, peduncle 4 to 7.2" [10 to 18 cm] long, red pubescent, provided with six well spaced, red pubescent bracts, rachis 1.6 to 6" [4 to 15 cm] long, 16" [40 cm] long overall, densely to 30 flowered inflorescence with long triangular, red pubescent, acute floral bracts and carrying flowers with reddish brown pubescent on the dorsal parts

Synonyms Epipactis grandis A.A.Eaton 1908; Epipactis ochroleuca (F.M.Bailey) A.A.Eaton 1908; Epipactis papuana (Ridl.) A.A.Eaton 1908; Epipactis rubicunda (Blume) A.A.Eaton 1908; Epipactis triandra (Schltr.) A.A.Eaton 1908; Georchis rubicunda (Blume) Rchb.f. 1857; Goodyera anomala Schltr. 1910; Goodyera celebica Blume 1858; Goodyera clavata N.Pearce & P.J.Cribb 2001; Goodyera confundens J.J.Sm. 1915; Goodyera cyrtoglossa Hayata 1914; Goodyera grandis (Blume) Blume 1858; Goodyera grandis King & Pantl.1898; Goodyera hispidula R.S.Rogers & C.T.White 1920; Goodyera longibracteata Hayata 1914; Goodyera longicolumna Hayata 1916; Goodyera ochroleuca F.M.Bailey 1901; Goodyera papuana Ridl. 1886; Goodyera rubens Blume 1858; Goodyera rubicunda var. amboinensis J.J.Sm. 1917; Goodyera rubicunda var. australis Juswara 2016; Goodyera rubicunda var. celebica (Blume) Schltr. 1911; Goodyera rubicunda var. triandra (Schltr.) N.Hallé 1977; Goodyera triandra Schltr. 1906; Goodyera yaeyamae Ohwi 1937; Neottia grandis Blume 1825; *Neottia rubicunda Blume 1825; Orchiodes celebicum (Blume) Kuntze 1891; Orchiodes grande (Blume) Kuntze 1891; Orchiodes rubicundum (Blume) Kuntze 1891; Peramium cyrtoglossum (Hayata) Makino 1929; Peramium longibracteatum (Hayata) Makino 1929; Peramium longicolumnum (Hayata) Makino 1929; Rhamphidia rubicunda (Blume) F.Muell. 1869; Salacistis ochroleuca (F.M.Bailey) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2004; Spiranthes grandis (Blume) Hassk. 1844

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1857 as Georchis rubicunda; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling as G grandis 1898 drawing fide; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Smith 1905; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Smith 1908 drawing fide; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 9: 86 Schlechter 1910 as G anomala, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 9: 86 Schlechter 1910 as G triandra; Orchidaceae of German New Guinea Schlechter 1911 as G papuana drawing fide; Orchidaceae of German New Guinea Schlechter 1911 drawing fide; Orchideologiae Sino-Japonicae Prodromus Schlechter 1919 as G cyrtoglossa; Orchideologiae Sino-Japonicae Prodromus Schlechter 1919 as G longibracteata; Orchideologiae Sino-Japonicae Prodromus Schlechter 1919 as G longicolumna; *Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, sér. 3, 10: 101 J J Smith 1928; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Orchids Holttum 1957; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Orchids of Southern Ryukyu Islands Garay & Sweet 1974 as G grandis drawing fide; Indian Orchids, Guide to Identification and Culture Pradhan 1976 drawing fide; Flore de la Nouvelle-Caledonie et Dependences Vol 8 Orchidaceae Halle 1977 as G rubicunda var triandra drawing fide; Native Orchids of Taiwan Lin 1975 as G grandis Drawing fide/photo ok; The Complete Writings on Philippine Orchids Vol 1 Quisumbing 1981 as Epipactis rubicunda; Orchidiana Philipiniana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984 as G grandis; Orchids of Vanuatu Lewis & Cribb 1989; Orchids of Java Comber 1990 as G grandis photo fide; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Wood & Seidenfaden 1992 drawing fide; The Plants of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Orchids Beaman, Wood, Beaman & Beaman 1993; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994; Manual Of Orchids Stewart 1995 as G grandis; The Orchids of Samoa Cribb & Whistler 1996 photo fide; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2002 photo fide; Lindleyana Vol 17 No 1 2002; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002 as G clavata drawing fide; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 3 Orchioideae [Part 2] Vanilloideae Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2003 as G clavata drawing fide; Flora Malesiana Orchids of New Guinea Vol III Shuiteman and de Vogel 2005; Native Orchids of Australia Jones 2006 as Salacistis ochroleuca photo fide; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; A review on Spiranthoideae genera in Arunachal Pradesh Bulletin of Arunachal Forest Research 27 (1&2) : 1-33, Rao 2011 as G grandis; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 1 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 drawing/photo fide; A to Z of South East Asian Orchid Species Vol 2 O'Byrne 2011 photo fide; Turczaninowia 2011, 14(2) : 15–100 Averyanov 2011 drawing fide; The Wild Orchids of Taiwan Lin & Wang 2014 as G grandisphotos fide; Checklist of Papusian Orchids Ormerod 2017; Checklist of Papusian Orchids Ormerod 2017 as G rubicunda var australis; Checklist of Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong O'Byrne, Saw & Chung 2017; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 1 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide