!Govenia superba (La Llave & Lex.) Lindl. ex Lodd. 1831

Flower Closeup

Plant in situ in Mexico

Photos by Edouard Faria ©

Plant comparrison shot

Photo by © Greenwood and The Herbario AMO Website

Common Name The Superb Govenia

Flower Size 1 1/2" [3.75 cm]

Oaxaca Mx., 1524m to 2700 meters in elev.,

Found from central Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Colombia, Venezuela and Ecuador at elevations of 2000 to 3000 meters in very wet, montane oak-pine forests as a large sized, cold growing, tubered terrestrial arising on south facing slopes in deep canyons, with shade, and with globose pseudobulbs enveloped basally by scarious bracts and carrying 2, apical, thin, elliptical, plicate leaves which are red underneath that blooms in the summer on a terminal, erect, red, to 3 1/2' [105 cm] long, racemose inflorescence with prominent bracts and loosely many, fragrant flowers arising from the center of a newer growth.

Synonyms Govenia stictoglossa Schltr. 1924; Govenia sulphurea Rchb. f. 1885; Govenia utriculata var. lagenophora (Lindl.) Griseb.; *Maxillaria superba La Llave & Lex. 1825

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856 as G superba var tenuis; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Die Orchideen der Sudamerikanischen Kordillerenstaaten II Colombia Schlechter 1920 as G platyglossa; Beitrage Zur Orchideenkunde Von Colombia 27:79 Schlechter 1924 as G stictoglossa; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1927; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VI Hoehne 1942 as G sulphurea; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1959 not = G utriculata; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 36 #9 1967; AOS Bulletin Vol 38 No 6 1969; Orquideologia Vol 12 No 1 1977 photo good; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 1 Hamer 1974 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing not = G utriculata; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 386 Dodson 1980 drawing ok; Orquideas (MEX) 8 (1) Greenwood 1981; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing ok; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 754 Dodson 1982 as Govenia capitata; Flora Novo-Galaciana Vol 16 McVaugh 1985; Flora Novo-Galaciana Vol 16 McVaugh 1985 as Govenia lagenophora; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing good; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 25 1520 - 1584 Brieger 1991 drawing good/photo good; Orquideas del Estado de Morelos ORQUÍDEA (MÉX.) VOLUMEN 16 NÚMERO ÚNICO enero 2002 drawing/photo fide; Vanishing Beauty; Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 as Govenia lagemorpha; Orquideologia Vol 27 #1 2010 photo good; AOS Bulletin Vol 87 #1 2018 drawing fide; Orquideas Tesoro de Colombia Ortiz & Uribe 2017 photo fide; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018