Gymnadenia odoratissima (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1818

Plant and Flowers in situ Photos courtesy of © Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Herbarium Jany Renz and their Website

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Common Name The Scented Gymnadenia - The Short Spurred Fragrant Orchid

Flower Size about 1/4" [about .6 cm]

Found in Sweden, Spain, France, Belgium, Germany, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Hungary, Switzerland, Italy, Yugoslavia, Romania, Poland, Belarus, Ukraine and central Russia as a small to medium sized, cold growing terrestrial orchid that is similar to G conopsea except with a shorter stem and 4 to 6 leaves that blooms in the spring and summer on a cylyndrical, often flexuous, densly many flowered, bracteate, 9 to 15" [22.5 to 37.5 cm] long, racemose inflorescence with sweetly scented, color variable flowers.

Synonyms Gymnadenia graminea Dworschak 2002; Gymnadenia heteroglossa E.G.Camus 1908; Gymnadenia odoratissima var. idea Goiran 1883; Gymnadenia odoratissima var. pyrenaica (Philippe) P.Delforge 2000; Gymnadenia rhodopea Formánek 1897; Gymnadenia suaveolens Rchb.f 1856; Habenaria odoratissima [L.]Franch.1885; Orchis erubescens Zucc. 1824; Orchis munbyana Boissier & Reuter 1852; *Orchis odoratissima L. 1763; Orchis pyrenaica Philippe 1859; Satyrium odoratissimum (L.) Wahlenb. 1826

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 4 193 to 256 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1973; AOS Bulletin Vol 52 No 5 1983 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 8 1985 photo fide; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005