Malaxis acuminata D. Don 1825 SECTION Malaxis

Flower Close up

Photos by Patricia Harding

Full shadeHot Cold Winter Spring Summer Fall

Common Name The Gradually Tapering Malaxis - In China - Qian Lie Zhao Lan

Flower Size .4 to .6" [1 to 1.5 cm]

Found in Assam India, Bangladesh, eastern Himalayas, Lower India, Nepal, western Himalayas, Bhutan, Andaman Islands, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Laos, Cambodia, China, Vietnam, Java, Sumatra, The Philippines, and Northern Territories Australia in lowland evergreen broadleaf forests at elevations of sealevel to 2300 meters as a small to medium sized, hot to cold growing terrestrial or lithophytic orchid on highly eroded, stratified limestone cliffs and bluffs with horizontal rhizomes gibving rise to rather thin, short stems, each bearing 3 to 5 , broadly lanceolate, acuminate and acute, leaves that blooms in the winter, spring, summer and fall on an erect, 4 to 12" [10 to 30 cm] long, several to many [30] flowered inflorescence with lanceolate acute floral bracts.

Synonyms Achroanthes acuminata Raf. 1836; Corymborkis acuminata (D.Don) M.R.Almeida 2009; Crepidium acuminatum (D.Don) Szlach. 1995; Crepidium bilobum (Lindl.) Szlach. 1995; Dienia carinata Rchb.f. 1855; Malaxis acuminata f. biloba (Lindl.) Tuyama in H.Hara 1966; Malaxis acuminata var. biloba (Lindl.) Ames 1926; Malaxis allanii S.Y.Hu & Barretto 1976; Malaxis biloba (Lindl.) Ames 1908; Malaxis carinata (Rchb.f.) Kuntze 1891; Malaxis pierrei (Finet) Tang & F.T.Wang 1951; Malaxis wallichii (Lindl.) Deb 1962; Microstylis acuminata Ridl. 1916; Microstylis biloba Lindl. 1830; Microstylis carinata (Rchb.f.) Rchb.f. 1861; Microstylis pierrei Finet 1907; Microstylis trigonocardia Schltr. 1919; Microstylis wallichii Lindl. 1828

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1855 as Dienia carinata; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1878 as Microstylis wallichii; A Century of Indian Orchids Vol 5 Hooker 1895 as Microstylis wallichii drawing fide; The Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/95 as Microstylis wallichii; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 as Microstlis wallichii drawing fide; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 as Microstlis wallichii var biloba drawing fide; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Sm. 1905 as Microstylis wallichii; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906 as Microstylus wallichii; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Sm. 1908 as Microstylis wallichii drawing fide; Orchidaceae 2: 122 Ames 1908 as M biloba; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Microstylis wallichii; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 as M biloba; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1965 corrections as M biloba drawing fide; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1965 corrections as M pierrei; Dansk Botanisk Arkiv Bind 33 nr 1 Orchids of Thailand VII Oberonia & Malaxis Seidenfaden 1978 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 3 1979 as Microstylis wallichii drawing hmm; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 #3 1979 as Microstylis biloba; Indian Orchids, Guide to Identification and Culture vol 2 Pradhan 1979 drawing fide; The Complete Writings on Philippine Orchids Vol 1 Quisumbing 1981 as M acuminata var biloba; Die Orchideen Band 3 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas Liferung #13 753 - 819 Liparinae 1983 as M wallichii; Orchidiana Philipiniana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 3 1985; Orchids of Nilgiris Joseph 1987 drawing fide; The Orchids of Java Comber 1990; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; The Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen & Mori 1997; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; Lindleyana Vol 15 No 4 2000; The Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2001 photo ok; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002 photo fide; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo ok; 100 Sikkim Himalayan Orchids Pradhan 2005 photo fide; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 as Crepidium acumiantum; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Mountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo ok; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009 as Crepidium acuminatum; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 as Crepidium acuminatum drawing fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 as Crepidium acuminatum photos hmm; The Wild Orchids of Hong Kong Barretto, Cribb and Gale 2011 as Crepidium acuminatum drawing/photo good; LANKESTERIANA 15(1): 750. Jeewan Singh Jalal & J. Jayanthi 2015 as Crepidium acuminatum photo fide Notes on Crepidium (Orchidaceae): Two new combinations, a putative natural hybrid, and four species newly recorded for Thailand ANCHALEE NUAMMEE, TOSAK SEELANAN, SOMRAN SUDDEE & HENRIK . PEDERSEN Thai Forest Bull., Bot. 44(1): 3544. 2016[]; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 2 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 as Crepidium acuminatumphoto fide;