Malaxis calophylla (Rchb. f.) Kuntze 1891 SECTION Malaxis

Flower Closeup

Photos by and plant courtesy of Danny Lentz ©


Photo courtesy of Andy's Orchids Copyright © 2002 All rights reserved.

Plant in situ in Thailand

Photo by David Kuehn

Full shade Hot Cool Spring To Summer

Common Name or Meaning The Beautiful Leaf Malaxis - In China Mei Ye Shao Lan

Flower Size 1/4" [.6 cm]

Found in Assam India, eastern Himalayas, Sikkim, Bangladesh, Myanmar, northern Thailand, Malaysia, Vietnam and Borneo in hill forests at elevations around 300 to 1100 meters as a small sized, hot to cool growing terrestrial with stout, short, erect pseudobulbs carrying 3 to 4, shortly petiolate, oblong-lanceolate, acute, bicolor leaves and blooms in the spring and summer on a 10" [25 cm] long, many flowered, densely cylyndrical inflorescence with narrow, linear-setaceous bracts and carrying successively opening, inverted [non-resupinate] flowers.

Synonyms Crepidium calophyllum (Rchb.f.) Szlach. 1995; Epidendrum variegatum J.König 1791; Liparis elegantissima Ridl. 1888; Malaxis scottii (Hook.f.) Kuntze 1891; *Microstylis calophylla Rchb. f. 1879; Microstylis scottii Hook. f. 1890; Microstylis wallichii var. brachycheila Hook.f. 1890

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Icones Plantarum Vol 21 Hooker 1890 as Microstylis scottii drawing fide; The Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/95 as Microstylis scottii; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 as Microstylis scottii drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Microstylis calophylla; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Holttum 1957 drawing good; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 drawing good; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1965 corrections; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as M calophylla var brachycheila; Dansk Botanisk Arkiv Bind 33 nr 1 Orchids of Thailand VII Oberonia & Malaxis Seidenfaden 1978 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 #3 1979 as Microstylis callosa; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 #3 1979 as Microstylis scottii; Indian Orchids, Guide to Identification and Culture vol 2 Pradhan 1979 drawing fide; Die Orchideen Band 3 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas Liferung #13 753 - 819 Liparinae 1983; The Orchids of Penninsular Mayasia and Singapore Seidenfaden & Wood 1992 drawing fide; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992 drawing fide; The Plants of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Orchids Beaman, Wood, Beaman & Beaman 1993; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994; The Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen & Mori 1997; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2001 photo ok; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo ok; The Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 as Crepidium calophyllum drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 78 No 5 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009 as Crepidium calophyllum; The Atlas of Wild Orchids in Hainan Island, China Shenyan and Junmei 2010 photo fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 as Crepidium calophyllum photos fide; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 as Crepidium callophyllum; Wild Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong, O'Byrne, Yong & Saw 2011 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 82 #12 2013 photo fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 2 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 as Crepidium calophyllum photo fide;