Malaxis biaurita (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891 SECTION Malaxis

Plant and Flowers

Photos by Bhakta Bahadur Raskoti and Malaxis biaurita (Lindley) Kuntze (Orchidaceae): a new record for Nepal Website


Drawing by Som Deva & H.B. Naithani and The Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Jany Renz Herbaria Website


Common Name The Twice Golden Malaxis - In China - Er Er Zhao Lan

Flower Size 1/4" [7 mm]

Found in Bangladesh, Assam, Nepal southern and western Yunnan Province of China, the Andaman Islands, Myanmar, Laos and Thailand in forests at elevations of 1300 to 2500 meters as a miniature sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial with a fleshy, several noded, cylindric stem carrying 3, ovate, oblong-ovate to subelliptic, acuminate apically, contracted below into the amplexicaul, sheathlike, petiolate base leaves that blooms in the late spring on a terminal, erect, 9.6 to 12" [22 to 30 cm] long, wingless, 20 to 30 flowered inflorescence with reflexed, narrowly lanceolate, floral bracts

Synonyms Crepidium andamanicum (King & Pantl.) Marg. & Szlach. 2001; Crepidium biauritum (Lindl.) Szlach. 1995; Malaxis andamanica (King & Pantl.) N.P.Balakr. & Vasudeva Rao 1979 publ. 1981; Malaxis brevicaulis (Schltr.) S.Y.Hu 1974; Malaxis sutepensis (Rolfe ex Downie) Seidenf. & Smitinand 1959; Microstylis andamanica King & Pantl. 1897; *Microstylis biaurita Lindl. 1830; Microstylis brevicaulis Schltr. 1919; Microstylis sutepensis Rolfe ex Downie 1925; Microstylis thorelii Finet 1907

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfadden & Smitnand 1959 as M sutepensis drawing ok; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1965 corrections as M sutenpensi ; Indian Orchids, Guide to Identification and Culture Pradhan 1976 drawing fide; Dansk Botanisk Arkiv Bind 33 nr 1 Orchids of Thailand VII Oberonia & Malaxis Seidenfaden 1978 drawing fide; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo ok; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009 as Crepidium biauritum; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 as Crepidium biauritum drawing fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 as Crepidium biauritum photos; LANKESTERIANA 15(1): 750. Jeewan Singh Jalal & J. Jayanthi 2015 as Crepidium biauritum; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 2 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 as Crepidium biauritum photo fide;