Malaxis carnosa (Kunth) C.Schweinf. 1941 SECTION Malaxis


Photo by © Walter Schug

Full Shade Cool ColdSummer

Common Name The Fleshy Malaxis

Flower Size .1" [2mm]

Found in Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica on grassy hillsides in oak and oak pine montane forests at elevations of 1000 to 2800 meters as a medium sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial orchid with a subterrranean, suborbicular, thickened corm, a single, elliptic, acute to rounded, gradually narrows below into the conduplicate, elongate, petilate base leaf that blooms in the summer on a erect, 10 3/4" [27 cm] long, many flowered infloresence with subulate, shorter than the ovary floral bracts.

Synonyms Dienia calycina Lindl. 1830; Malaxis calycina (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Malaxis gracilis (Ridl.) Kuntze 1891; Malaxis monticola (Schltr.) Ames 1922; Microstylis calycina (Lindl.) Ridl. 1888; Microstylis gracilis Ridl. 1888; Microstylis microtoides Schltr. 1918; Microstylis monticola Schltr. 1906; Serapias parisitica Pavone ex Ridl. 1888; *Stelis carnosa Kunth 1816;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI

Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 361 Bonpland & Kunth 1816 as Stelis carnosa;

Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.: 23 Lindl 1830 as Dienia calycina;

Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.: 23 Kuntze 1830 as Malaxis calycina;

* Bot. Mus. Leafl. 10: 32 C Schweinfurth 1941

Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856 as Dienia calycina;

J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 24: 331 Ridl. 1888 as Microstylis calycina;

J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 24: 331 Ridl. 1888 as Microstylis gracilis;

J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 24: 331 Pavon ex Ridl. 1888 as Serapiasa parasitica;

Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 673 Kuntze 1891 as M calycina;

Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 673 Kuntze 1891 as M gracilis;

Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 3: 17 Schlechter 1906 as Microstylis monticiola

Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 36(2): 381 Schlechter 1918 as Microstylis microtoides;

Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 35: 84 Ames 1922 as M monticola;

Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 90. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as Microstylis microtoides;

Las Qrquedias de El Salvador Vol 2 Hamer 1974 drawing/photo hmm;

Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing hmm;

Icones Plantarum Tropicarum Plate 834 Hamer 1983 drawing maybe;

Orquideas del Estado de Morelos ORQUÍDEA (MÉX.) VOLUMEN 16 NÚMERO ÚNICO enero 2002 drawing good/photo ok;

Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003;

Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018,

Materials to the Orchid Flora of Colombia Vol IV:109 Szlatchetko & Kolanowska 2023 drawing fide