Malaxis fastigiata (Rchb.f.) Kuntze 1891 SECTION Umbellatae SERIES Umbellatae

Photo by © ORQUÍDEA (MÉX.) VOLUMEN 16 NÚMERO ÚNICO enero 2002 and the The Herbario AMO Website


Drawing © by Dodson

Another Drawing

Original Drawing by © Padre Pedro Ortiz Conserved at the Herbario de la Universidad Javeriana, Bogota Colombia


Common Name The Pointed Malaxis

Flower Size 3/8" [1 cm]

Found in Oaxaca state of Mexico, Guatemala, Boyaca, Cundinamarca and Huila departments of Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia at elevations of 1090 to 3600 meters as a small to medium sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial or occasional epiphyte with a bulbous-thickened, base stem enveloped below by 2 to 3, tubular, imbricating sheaths and carrying 1 to 2, subopposite to distinctly separated, ovate-oblong, oval, to ovate-lanceolate, obtuse to acuminate, lightly cordate to cuneate basally leaves that blooms in the later summer on a terminal, erect, sub-umbellate, 4" [10 cm] long, rachis .36" [9 mm] long, subumbellate, congested, very dense, many flowered inflorescence with triangular-subulate, acute, much shorter than thepedicellate ovary.

Similar to M lobulata but M fastigiata has single veined lateral sepals vs 3 veined in M lobulata and the lip is obscurely 3 dentate vs 3 lobulate." Szlatchetko & Kolanowska 2023

Synonyms Dienia maianthemifolia Rchb.f. 1846; Malaxis linguella (Rchb.f.) Ames 1922; Malaxis longisepala (Ridl.) Kuntze 1891; Malaxis maianthemifolia A.Rich. & Galeotti 1845; *Microstylis fastigiata Rchb.f. 1850; Microstylis linguella Rchb.f. 1888; Microstylis longisepala Ridl. 1888; Ophrys ensifolia Pav. ex Ridl. 1888

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI

Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 3, 3: 18 A Rich. & Galeotti 1845 as Malaxis maianthemifolia;

Linnaea 19: 369 Rchb.f 1846 as Dienia maianathemifolia;

Flora 71: 152 Rchb.f 1888;

Flora 71: 153 Rchb.f 1888 as M linguella;

J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 24: 327 Ridl. 1888 as M longisepala;

J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 24: 327 Pav ex Ridl 1888 as Ophrys ensifolia

* Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 673 Kuntze 1891

Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 673 Kuntze 1891 as M longiseppala

Linnaea 22: 834 Rchb.f 1850 as Microstylis fastigiata;

Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 35: 84 Ames 1922 as Malaxis linguella

Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856 as Microctylis fastigiata;

The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946;

Orchids of Peru Vol 2 Schweinfurth 1959;

Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1036 Hamer 1984 drawing fide; Flora Novo Galaciana 194 Mcvaugh 1985;

Orquideas del Estado de Morelos ORQUÍDEA (MÉX.) VOLUMEN 16 NÚMERO ÚNICO enero 2002 drawing/photo fide;

Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018

Materials to the Orchid Flora of Colombia Vol IV:141 Szlatchetko & Kolanowska 2023 drawing fide