Malaxis maianthemifolia Cham. & Schltdl. 1831 SECTION Malaxis


Plant in situ Costa Rica

Photo by © Walter Schug


Drawing by © ORQUÍDEA (MÉX.) VOLUMEN 16 NÚMERO ÚNICO enero 2002 The Herbario AMO Website

Full Shade Cool Cold LATER Spring EARLIERSummer

Common Name The Maianthemum-Like Malaxis

Flower Size .1" [2mm]

Found in Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua in wet, moist in oak and pine montane forests at elevations of 1500 to 2800 meters as a miniature to medium sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial orchid with a subterrranean, suborbicular, thickened corm, a single, elliptic, acute to rounded, gradually narrows below into the conduplicate, elongate, petiolate base leaf that blooms in the later spring and earlier summer on a erect, 10.8" [27 cm] long, many flowered infloresence with subulate, much shorter than the pedicel floral bracts.

"Similar to M pittieri but with a saggitate to triangular lip vs pentangular." Szlatchetko & Kolanowska 2023

Synonyms Achroanthes maianthemifolia (Cham. & Schltdl.) Greene 1891; Dienia cordata (Rchb.f.) Lindl. 1838; Malaxis cochleariifolia A.Rich. & Galeotti 1845; Malaxis ichthiorhynca A.Rich. & Galeotti 1845; Microstylis cochleariifolia (A.Rich. & Galeotti) Rchb.f. 1850; Microstylis cordata (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1861; Microstylis elegantula Schltr. 1906; Microstylis ichthyorhyncha (A.Rich. & Galeotti) Rchb.f. 1866; Microstylis maianthemifolia (Cham. & Schltdl.) Rchb.f. 1850;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI

Linnaea 6: 59 Schltdl. & Cham. 1831;

Edwards's Bot. Reg. 24(Misc.): 73 Lindl. 1838 as Dienia cordata;

Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 3, 3: 18 A Rich & Galleotti 1845 as Malaxis cochleariifolia;

Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 3, 3: 18 A Rich & Galleotti 1845 as Microstylis icthiorhyncha;

Linnaea 22: 834 Rchb.f 1850 as Microstylis maianthemifolia;

Linnaea 22: 834 Rchb.f 1850 as M cochleariifolia;

Ann. Bot. Syst. 6: 207 Rchb.f 1861 as Microstylis cordata;

Beitr. Orchid.-K. C. Amer.: 99 Rchb.f 1866 as Microstylis ichtiorhyncha;

Pittonia 2: 184 Greene 1891 as Achroanthes maianthemifolia;

Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 673 Kuntze 1891 as Malaxis cordata;

Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 3: 17 Schlechter 1906 as Microstylis elegantulus;

The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946;

Las Qrquedias de El Salvador Vol 2 Hamer 1974 as M majanthefolia drawing/photo ok;

Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 as M majanthefolia drawing hmm;

Icones Plantarum Tropicarum Plate 835 Hamer 1983 as M majanthefolia drawing ok;

Orquideas del Estado de Morelos ORQUÍDEA (MÉX.) VOLUMEN 16 NÚMERO ÚNICO enero 2002 as M majanthemifolia drawing/photo fide;

Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003 as M majanthemifolia;

Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018;

Materials to the Orchid Flora of Colombia Vol IV:107 Szlatchetko & Kolanowska 2023 drawing fide