Malaxis purpurea (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891 SECTION Malaxis

Photo by Wang and The Native Orchids Website


Drawing by Som Deva & H.B. Naithani and The Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Jany Renz Herbaria Website

Part ShadeWarm SpringSummer

Common Name The Purple Malaxis

Flower Size .2 to .32" [5 to 8 mm] long

Found in the western Himalayas, Chinese Himalayas, India, Sri Lanka, eastern Himalayas, Bhutan, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, the Philippines and Taiwan at elevations around 700 to 800 meters as a miniature to small sized, warm growing terrestrial with a glabrous sheathed stem carrying 3 to 4, membraneous, elliptic-oblong, acute to acuminate, narrowing below into the sheathing, petiolate base leaves that blooms in the late spring and summer on an erect, terminal, rachis to 2.8 to 4.8" [7 to 12 cm] long, 8 to 16" [20 to 40 cm] long overall, laxly many flowered inflorescence with linear-lanceolate, subacute, reflexed floral bracts..

Synonyms Crepidium hainanense (Tang & F.T.Wang) S.C.Chen & J.J.Wood 2009; Crepidium purpureum (Lindl.) Szlach. 1995; Crepidium rizalense (Ames) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 1996; Malaxis hainanensis Tang & F.T.Wang 1974; Malaxis liparidioides Tang & F.T.Wang 1951; Malaxis rizalensis Ames 1911; *Microstylis purpurea Lindl. 1830; Microstylis wallichii var. biloba King & Pantl. 1898

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Dansk Botanisk Arkiv Bind 33 nr 1 Orchids of Thailand VII Oberonia & Malaxis Seidenfaden 1978 drawing fide; A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon Dassanayake & Fosberg 1981 drawing fide; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; Orchids of Bhutan Pierce and Cribb 2002; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009 as Crepidium purpureum; Flora of China Illustrations Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 as Crepidium purpureum; Orchids of Odisha Misra 2014 as Crepidium purpureumdrawing fide; LANKESTERIANA 15(1): 750. Jeewan Singh Jalal & J. Jayanthi 2015 as Crepidium purpureum ; A Century of New Orchid Records in Bhutan Royal Government of Bhutan 2017 as Crepidium purpureum drawing fide/photo ok?; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 2 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 as Crepidium purpureum photo fide;