Malaxis umbelliflora Sw. 1788 SECTION Umbellatae SERIES Umbellatae

Another Angle

Photos by Saint-Claude and The Images de Guadeloupe Website

TYPE Drawing

TYPE Drawing by O Swartz and The Wikipedia Orchid Website


Drawing by Ernesto Foldats redrawn by S Nowak


Common Name The Umbelled Flower Malaxis

Flower Size small

Found in in Cuba, Jamaica, the Leeward Islands, the Windward Islands, Trinidad & Tobago, Guyana and Venezuela at elevations of 400 to 1300 as a medium sized, warm to cool growing epiphyte with an erect, fleshy, basally somewhat thickened inot a pseudobulb stem enveloped by 2 to 3, imbricating, herbaceous sheaths and carrying 2, auriculate, opposite to subopposite, rather broadly elliptic to ovate-elliptic, acute, basally contracted into a short, petiolate base leaves that blooms in the fall through early winter on an elongate, angular, glabrous, to 10" [to 25 cm] long, congested, subumbellate, densely many flowered inflorescence with triangular-subulate, shorter than the ovary floral bracts and carrying small flowers.

Similar to M hoppii but differs in the acute to apiculate lip apex and the central cavity is much smaller.

Synonyms Achroanthes umbellulata (Sw.) Greene 1891; Malaxis umbellulata Sw.1806; Microstylis umbelliflora (Sw.) Hitchc. 1893; Microstylis umbellulata (Sw.) Lindl. 1830

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI

*Prodr. Veg. Ind. Occ.: 119 Sw. 1788 drawing fide

Fl. Ind. Occid. 3: 1995 Sw. 1806 as M umbellulata;

Pittonia 2: 184 Greene 1891 as Achroanthes umbellulata;

Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 4: 132 Hitchc. 1893 as Microstylis umbelliflora;

Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.: 19 Lindl. 1830 as Microstylis umbellulata;

Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910;

Flore Descriptive des Antilles Francaises H. Stehle 1939 as Microstylis umbelliflora;

Flora de Venezuela Volumen XV Primera Parte Foldats 1969 drawing good;

Flora of the Lesser Antilles Garay & Sweet 1974 drawing ok;

Orchidaceae Antillanae Nir 2000;

The Orchids of Cuba Llamacho & Larramendi 2005 photo fide;

Materials to the Orchid Flora of Colombia Vol IV:146 Szlatchetko & Kolanowska 2023 drawing fide