Masdevallia caudata Lindl. 1833 SUBGENUS Masdevallia SECTION Masdevallia SUBSECTION Caudatae Veitch 1889 TYPE For the SUBSECTION

Photo by Ellis Eyre

Flower Closeup

Photo by Eric Hunt

Another Color Form var. alba

Plant in situ Cundinamarca Colombia

Photos courtesy of Jay Pfahl

FragrancePart shadeCoolCold EARLY SpringSummer

Common Name The Long-Sepaled Masdevallia - In Colombia Colibri

Flower Size to almost 6" [to 16 cm]

Found in Colombia and western Venezuela in cloud forests at altitudes of 1800 to 3300 meters as a mini-miniature sized, cool to cold growing, tufted, epiphyte with blackish, slender, erect ramicauls enveloped basally by 2 to 3 loose, tubular sheaths and carrying a single, apical, oblanceolate, suberect, coriaceous, petiolate, rounded at the apex leaf that is cuneate below into the petiole and blooms in the late autumn through early spring with an arcuate, short, slender, to 4" to 5" [12 to 13 cm] long inflorescence arising from low on the ramicaul, has a bract above the base and a tubular floral bract with a single, fragrant, campanulate, color variable flower that is held at or below leaf height.

This plant is a cool to cold growing species that likes high humidity, shade and potted in a chopped mixture of tree fern, fir bark, perlite and sphagnum moss.

Synonyms Masdevallia caudata f. xanthocorys (Rchb.f.) O.Gruss & M.Wolff 2007; Masdevallia caudata var. gudotii Rchb.f. 1889; Masdevallia caudata var. shuttleworthii (Rchb.f.) Rchb.f. 1889; Masdevallia caudata var. xanthocorys (Rchb.f.) A.H.Kent 1889; Masdevallia cucutillensis Kraenzl. 1922; Masdevallia shuttleworthii Rchb.f 1875; Masdevallia shuttleworthii var. xanthocorys Rchb.f. 1882

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 photo ok; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as M shuttlewothii drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 5 Dunsterville & Garay 1966 drawing fide; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 3 1970 drawing ok; Fieldiana Biology, Vol 33, 1st Supple. to the Orchids of Peru Schweinfurth 1970; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 7 385 - 448 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1975; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 53 No 9 1984 photo fide; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Systematics of Masdevallia Vol 2 Luer 1986 drawing fide; Orchids Travel By Air A Pictoral Safari Mulder, Mulder-Roelfsema and Schuiteman 1990 photo fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 2 COS 1991 photo fide; Venezuela; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992 photo fide; Paraiso de Orquideas Romero 1997 photo hmm; AOS Bulletin Vol 67 No 11 1998 photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 2 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Masdevallia's in Kleur Vol 1 P M Oversteegen, Eisses & A P Sijm 2001 photo fide; Icones Pleurothallidinarum XXIII Systematics of Masdevallia Part 4 Luer 2002 drawing fide; Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 photo fide; Australian Orchid Review Vol 69 No 3 2004 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 2 2005 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 7 2005 photo fide; Libro Rojo de Plantas De Colombia Vol 6 Primera Parte Saenz 2007 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 72 No 4 2008 photo fide; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Mille et Une Mini Orchideees Roguenant 2009 photo fide; Masdevallia in Detail Vol 5 Sijm etal 2010 photo/drawing fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Izerskyy & Bezverhov 2011 photo fide; Orquideologia Vol 29 #1 2012 photo fide; Orchids Masdevallia with its segregates including Dracula Zelenko 2014 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 84 #4 2015 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 86 #4 2017 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 88 #4 2019 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 84 #1 2020 photo fide;