Masdevallia civilis Rchb. f. & Warsz. 1854 SUBGENUS Masdevallia SECTION Coriaceae SUBSECTION Coriaceae Rchb.f 1874

Side View Flower

Photos courtesy of Antoine Hendrickx

Another Flower

Photo courtesy of Fluer Malcolm


Common Name The Stately Masdevallia

Flower Size 1 1/2" [4 cm]

Found in Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador and Peru in cloud forests around limestone on grass covered slopes, soil covered rocks or in loamy soil with full exposure to the sun at elevations of 2000 to 3000 meters as a mini-miniature sized, cold growing, tufted epiphyte, terrestrial or lithophyte with terete ramicauls with a single, apical, linear, fleshy, channeled, obtuse, leaf that blooms with highly fragrant, solitary flowers on a slender, erect to arcuate, 4" [10 cm] long inflorescence that occurs in the spring and summer and hold the single, fleshy flowers below the leaves.

The distinguishing features of this species are the short inflorescence holding the flowers among the leaves, the urecolate floral tube and the cordate labellum base.

Synonyms Byrsella civilis (Rchb.f. & Warsz.) Luer 2006; Masdevallia aequiloba Regel 1860; Masdevallia sulphurea Kraenzl. 1921

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing good; AOS Bulletin Vol 29 #5 1960 photo fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 4 Dunsterville & Garay 1966 not = M macroglossa; AOS Bulletin Vol 36 #9 1967; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 3 1970 drawing good; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing not = M macroglossa; Orquideologia Vol 16 No 1 1983 drawing as M fragrans; Systematics of Masdevallia Vol 2 Luer 1986; Systematics of Masdevallia Vol 2 Luer 1986 as Masdevallia fragrans; Systematics of Masdevallia Vol 2 Luer 1986 as Masdevallia macroglossa; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Series II Orchids of Peru Plate 100 Dodson & Bennett 1989 drawing fide; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 291 Bennett & Christenson 1995 drawing ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 65 Vol 7 1996; Icones Pleurothallidinarum XXI Systematics of Masdevallia Part 2 Luer 2000 drawing fide; Masdevallia's in Kleur Vol 1 P M Oversteegen, Eisses & A P Sijm 2001 photo fide; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVIII Luer 2006 as Byrsella civilis; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Masdevallia in Detail Vol 5 Sijm etal 2010 photo/drawing fide; Orchids Masdevallia with its segregates including Dracula Zelenko 2014 photo fide;