Masdevallia encephala Luer & R. Escobar 1978 SUBGENUS Masdevallia SECTION Masdevallia SUBSECTION Masdevallia

Photo by Jorge Mario Munera

Side View of Flowers

Photo by Lourens Grobler.

Another Flower

Photo by Jay Pfahl.

TYPE Drawing

TYPE Drawing by Carl Luer

Common Name The Brain Masdevallia [refers to the sepaline cup shape]

Flower Size 2/5" [1 cm]

Found in the departments of Santander del Sur and Boyaca departments of Colombia on the eastern cordillera at elevations of 2150 to 2600 meters as a cold growing, miniature to small sized epiphyte with a slender, erect, blackish ramicaul enveloped basally by 2 to 3 tubular sheaths and carrying a single, apical, erect, coriaceous, petiolate, elliptic-obovate, subacute to obtuse leaf that blooms in the spring on an erect, slender, 2 to 3 1/5" [5 to 8 cm] long inflorescence arising from low on the ramicaul with a bract near the base and a tubular floral bract carrying a single flower held at mid-leaf height.

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Orquideologia Vol 13 No 1 1978 photo/drawing/herbarium sheet fide; Systematics of Masdevallia Vol 2 Luer 1986; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 2 COS 1991 photo fide; Icones Pleurothallidinarum XXII Systematics of Masdevallia Part 3 Luer 2001 drawing fide; Masdevallia's in Kleur Vol 1 P M Oversteegen, Eisses & A P Sijm 2001 photo fide; Libro Rojo de Plantas De Colombia Vol 6 Primera Parte Saenz 2007 photo fide; Masdevallia in Detail Vol 5 Sijm etal 2010 photo/drawing fide; Orchids Masdevallia with its segregates including Dracula Zelenko 2014 photo fide;