Masdevallia herradurae F. Lehm. & Kraenzl. 1898 SUBGENUS Masdevallia SECTION Minutae Rchb.f Ex Woolw. 1896

Photo courtesy of Lourens Grobler

Flower Closeup

Photo courtesy of Patricia Harding

Different clone

Var xanthina

Photos by Eric Hunt


Common Name The Horse-Shoe Masdevallia

Flower Size 2" [5 cm]

Found in Colombia and Ecuador in the central and western cordillera where it grows on mossy trees at elevations of 500 to 2100 meters as a mini-miniature sized, warm to cold growing epiphyte with slender, erect ramicauls enveloped basally by 2 to 3 loose, tubular sheaths carrying a single, apical, erect, coriaceous, narrowly obovate, acute leaf that is gradually narrowed below into an indistinct petiole and blooms in the fall on a slender, erect, 1 to 2" long inflorescence from low on the ramicaul, with a bract below the middle, and a tubular floral bract carrying a solitary, stale coconut scented flower per inflorescence held at or below leaf height.

This is a floriferous species and old leaves can have new flowers year after year. A fast growing, cold to warm growing epiphyte that needs year round moisture, moderate light, and a pot with an open medium of treefern, sphagnum, perlite and pine or fir bark.

Synonyms Acinopetala herradurae (F. Lehm. & Kraenzl.) Luer 2006; Masdevallia frontinoensis Kraenzl. 1921

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Thesarus Masdevalliarum Vol 1 Luer & Treschslin 1983 watercolor fide; Systematics of Masdevallia Vol 2 Luer 1986; Icones Pleurothallidinarum XXII Systematics of Masdevallia Part 3 Luer 2001 drawing fide; Masdevallia's in Kleur Vol 1 P M Oversteegen, Eisses & A P Sijm 2001 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 72 No 11 2003 photo fide; Orquideologia Vol. 23 No 1 2004 photo fide; Orquideologia Vol 24 #1 2005 photo fide; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVIII Luer 2006 as Acinopetala herradurae; Libro Rojo de Plantas De Colombia Vol 6 Primera Parte Saenz 2007; AOS Bulletin Vol 78 #4 2009 photo fide; Mille et Une Mini Orchideees Roguenant 2009 photo fide; Orchids Masdevallia with its segregates including Dracula Zelenko 2014 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 85 #10 2016 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 86 #9 2017 photo fide; The Orchid Review Vol 127 No 1328 December 2019 photo fide;