Masdevallia livingstoneana Rchb. f. 1874 SUBGENUS Masdevallia SECTION Minutae Rchb.f Ex Woolw. 1896


Photos by Eric Hunt

Plant and Flower

Photos by Dale and Deni Borders.

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Common Name Livingstone's Masdevallia [Scottish explorer in Africa 1800's - Found By Stanley, as in "Dr Livingstone I presume"]

Flower Size 3/5" [1.5 cm]

Found in Colombia, Panama and Costa Rica that likes a humid environment and is found at altitudes below 1000 meters as a mini-miniature sized, hot to warm growing, caespitose epiphyte with erect, slender ramicauls enveloped basally by 2 to 3, close, tubular sheaths carrying a single, apical, erect, coriaceous, narrowly elliptical to obovate, obtuse to rounded apically leaf that gradually narrows into an indistinct petiolate base and blooms in the winter and spring on a suberect to erect, slender, 1 3/5" to 2 2/5" [4 to 6 cm] long inflorescence arising from low on the ramicaul with a tubular bract above the middle, a tubular floral bract and a successively single, showy, sweetly fragrant flower held below leaf height.

Synonyms Acinopetala livingstoneana (Roezl ex Rchb. f.) Luer 2006; Masdevallia panamensis (Schltr.) Ames 1923; Scaphosepalum panamense Schltr. 1913

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 17: 15. Panama Schlechter 1922; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 6 1958; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Systematics of Masdevallia Vol 2 Luer 1986; Orchid Australia Vol 11 No 1 1999 photo; Icones Pleurothallidinarum XXII Systematics of Masdevallia Part 3 Luer 2001 drawing fide; Masdevallia's in Kleur Vol 1 P M Oversteegen, Eisses & A P Sijm 2001 photo fide; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVIII Luer 2006 as Acinopetala livingstonean ; Icones Pleurothallidianrum Vol XXIX A Third Century of Stelis of Ecuador Systematics of Apoda-Prorepentia Luer 2007 as Acinopetala livingstoneana; Libro Rojo de Plantas De Colombia Vol 6 Primera Parte Saenz 2007; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 11 2008; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 12 2008 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 72 No 4 2008 photo fide; Orchids Masdevallia with its segregates including Dracula Zelenko 2014 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 80 #2 2016;