Masdevallia minuta Lindley 1843 SUBGENUS Masdevallia SECTION Minutae Rchb.f Ex Woolw. 1896

Photo by Dale and Deni Borders

Plant and Flowers

Photo by Charles Marden Fitch


Common Name The Tiny Masdevallia

Flower Size .4" [1 cm]

Found in Venezuela, Surinam, Guyana, French Guiana, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia in the foothill forests at elevations of 220 to 1500 meters as a mini-miniature sized, hot to cool growing terrestrial or epiphyte with slender, erect, ramicauls enveloped basally by 2 to 3 tubular sheaths and carrying a single, apcial, erect, coriaceous, narrowly obovate, subacute leaf that gradually narrows below into an indistinct petiolate base that blooms in the spring, summer and fall on a slender, erect, filiform, 6" to 2'[15 to 60 cm] long, single flowered inflorescence arising from low on the ramicaul, a bract below the middle and a floral bract carrying the single flower held way above the leaves.

Synonyms Acinopetala minuta (Lindl.) Luer 2006; Masdevallia surinamensis Focke 1851

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 4 Dunsterville & Garay 1966 drawing not see M kyphonantha; AOS Bulletin Vol 36 #9 1967; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 3 1970 drawing not see M kyphonantha; Orchidaceae Brasilense Band 1 Pabst & Dungs 1975 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 9 1980 photo fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 545 Dodson 1982 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 55 No 4 1986 photo; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Systematics of Masdevallia Vol 2 Luer 1986 drawing fide; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 57 #2 1988 photo fide; Icones Pleurothallidinarum XXII Systematics of Masdevallia Part 3 Luer 2001 drawing fide; Masdevallia's in Kleur Vol 1 P M Oversteegen, Eisses & A P Sijm 2001 photo fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 3 Dodson 2002 photo ok; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVIII Luer 2006 as Acinopetala minuta; Libro Rojo de Plantas De Colombia Vol 6 Primera Parte Saenz 2007; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Orchidaceae Masdevallia and Affiliates Dodson & Luer 2009 as Acinopetala minuta drawing fide; Mille et Une Mini Orchideees Roguenant 2009 photo fide; Orchids Masdevallia with its segregates including Dracula Zelenko 2014 photo fide;