Masdevallia rafaeliana Luer 1979 SUBGENUS Amanda Luer 1986

Plant in situ in Costa Rica

Photo by Walter Schug

Flower Closeup

Photo by Daniel Jimenez

TYPE Drawing

TYPE Drawing by Carl Luer

Full Shade CoolColdSpring

Common Name Rafael's Masdevallia [Sr Rodriguez Cabballero Orchid Illustrator current]

Flower Size .7" to .9" [1.7 to 2.3 cm]

Found in Costa Rica and Panama in wet montane and cloud forests at elevations of 1500 to 3000 meters as a mini-miniature sized, cool to cold growing epiphyte with somewhat stout, ramicauls enveloped basally by 2 to 3, loose tubular sheaths and carying a single, apical, erect, coriaceous, narrowly elliptical-oblong, subacute to obtuse, gradually narrowing below into the indistinct, sulcate, subpetiolate base leaf that blooms in the spring on a slender, suberect, 5 to 8" [12.5 to 20 cm] long, simultaneously few [3 to 8] flowered, slightly flexuous inflorescence arising from low on the ramicaul with 2 to 3 distant bracts and inflated, acute floral bracts,

Synonyms Spilotantha rafaeliana (Luer) Luer 2006

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Lankester's Epidendra Website CR ; *Selbyana 5(2): 149. 1979; Orchids Travel By Air A Pictoral Safari Mulder, Mulder-Roelfsema and Schuiteman 1990 photo fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1454 Mora & Atwood 1992 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1454a Mora & Atwood 1993 drawing fide; Icones Pleurothallidinarum XXV Systematics of Masdevallia part 5 Luer 2003 drawing fide; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003 drawing fide; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVIII Luer 2006 as Spilotantha rafaeliana; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 3 2006 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 1 Morales 2009 photo fide; Orchids Masdevallia with its segregates including Dracula Zelenko 2014 photo fide; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 2 Lacaena to Pteroglossa Pupulin 2020 photo fide