Masdevallia stenorhynchos Kraenzl. 1922 SUBGENUS Polyantha SECTION Alaticaules SUBSECTION Alaticaules [Krzl.] Luer 1986

Photo courtesy of Linda & Mikael Karlbom, in Stockholm/Sweden and their website

Front View

Photo courtesy of Lourens Grobler


Drawing by Carl Luer

Common Name The Slim-Beaked Masdevallia

Flower Size 1 1/2" [3.75 cm]

Endemic to Antioquia department of Colombia in cloud forests at elevations of 2000 to 2200 meters as a miniature sized, cold growing, caespitose epiphyte with stout, erect ramicauls enveloped by 2 to 3 loose, tubular sheaths carrying a single, apical, erect, coriaceous, elliptical-obovate, apically obtuse to rounded leaf that gradually narrows into the subpetiolate base that blooms in the spring on a stout, arising from the base of the ramicaul with a basal bract, congested, erect, 2 2.8" to 3.4" [7 to 8.5 cm] long, successively few flowered, racemose, triquetrous inflorescence with tubular, imbricating, shorter to as long as the pedicel floral bracts holding the successive single flower at leaf height.

"Recognized by the distinctive large flowers with a yellow green dorsal sepal and brown spotted, expanded lateral sepals with recurving margins. The lateral sepals are deeply connate, but they are connate to the dorsal sepal only at the base, forming a negligible sepaline cup. The tail of the dorsal sepal curves upward beyond the horizontal blade, while the acuminate tails of the lateral sepals bend downwards only slightly. The epichile of the lip is remarkably crested and fringed." Luer 2000

SynonymsAlaticaulia stenorhynchos (Kraenzl.) Luer 2006

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Systematics of Masdevallia Vol 2 Luer 1986; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 288 Bennett & Christenson 1995; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 6 COS 1998 photo fide; Icones Pleurothallidinarum XIX Systematics of Masdevallia Part 1 Luer 2000 drawing fide; Masdevallia's in Kleur Vol 1 P M Oversteegen, Eisses & A P Sijm 2001 photo fide; Icones Pleurothallidinarum XXV Systematics of Masdevallia Part Five Luer 2003; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVIII Luer 2006 as Alaticaulia stenorhynchos; Libro Rojo de Plantas De Colombia Vol 6 Primera Parte Saenz 2007 photo fide; Orchids Masdevallia with its segregates including Dracula Zelenko 2014 photo fide;