Maxillaria camaridii Rchb.f 1863 sect. Camaridium [Lindl.] Christenson 2013 TYPE for sect.

Flower Closeup

Plant and Flowers

Photos by Milan Vagner

Flowering plant in situ in Mexico

Photo by Noble Bashor

Fragrance Part shadeCool TO Hot SpringSummer

Common Name The Camaridium Maxillaria

Flower Size to 2 1/2" [to 6 cm]

Found in Guatemala, Honduras, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Venezuela, Guyana. Frrench Guiana, Surinam, Trinidad and Brazil in tropical wet forest at elevations of 200 to 1200 meters as an ascending, medium to large sized, hot to cool growing epiphyte with prominent bifoliate pseudobulbs and axillary growths on mature plants, with an elongate rhizome encased in distichous, imbricating, scarious sheaths which when in active growth carry distichous, conduplicate, imbricating, foliaceous leaf sheaths with elliptic, compressed pseudobulbs that are borne at intervals along the rhizome, carrying 2 linear-ligulate, conduplicate at the base, bilobed leaves that blooms in the spring and summer on a subsessile, to 2" [5 cm] long, single flowered inflorescence carrying a showy, very short-lived, fragrant flower arising from the sheaths at the base of a newly forming pseudobulb.

Synonyms Camaridium affine Schlechter 1922; Camaridium amazonicum Schltr.1925; Camaridium cryptopodanthum Barb. Rodr. 1907; Camaridium lutescens (Scheidw.) Rchb.f. 1863; Camaridium ochroleucum Lindley 1824; Cymbidium ochroleucum Lindley 1833; Maxillaria hoehneana P.F.Hunt 1965; Maxillaria lutescens Scheidw. 1839; Ornithidium album Hooker 1834; Ornithidium fragrans Rolfe 1894

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854 as Camaridium ochreleucum; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 17: 72. Panama Schlechter 1922 as Camaridium affine; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 drawing fide; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VII 115-147 Hoehne 1953 as Camaridium amazonicum drawing ok; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VII 115-147 Hoehne 1953 as Camaridium ochroleucum; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 6 1958; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1965 drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 36 #9 1967; AOS Bulletin Vol 3 1970 drawing fide; Flora de Venezuela Volumen XV Part 4 Foldats 1970 drawing fide; Die Orchideen #1 1-4 tafel 1&2 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 photo plant only; Flora of the Lesser Antilles Garay & Sweet 1974 appendix; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Band 2 Pabst & Dungs 1977 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 552 Dodson 1982 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 #1 1985; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986 photo fide; Orquideologia Vol 17 #3 1988 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 62 No 8 1993 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 096 Bennett & Christenson 1993 drawing fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 28 1713 - 1776 Brieger 1993 drawing/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 63 No 4 1994; Venezuela; Paraiso de Orquideas Romero 1997 photo fide; Fieldiana Biology, Flora Costa Ricensis Family # 39 Orchidaceae, subtribes Maxillariinae and Oncidiinae Atwood & Mora 1999; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 2 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 3 Dodson 2002 drawing ok; Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 photo hmm; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003; Orchids of The Brazilian Central Plateau Menezes 2004 photo fide; Orquideas de la Serrania del Baudo Misas Urreta 2006 drawing/photo fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Bezverhov 2011 photo fide; Orquideas de Roirama Luz & Franco 2012 as Camaridium ochroleucum photo fide; LANKESTERIANA 20(2): 67216. Ossenbach & Jenny 2020 as Camaridium amazonicum photo fide;