Maxillaria costaricensis Schltr. 1923

Plant and Flowers

Photos by Ralf Kappel

Part sun Warm coolWinter to Spring

Common Name The Costa Rican Maxillaria

Flower Size 1.5" [3.75 cm]

Found in Costa Rica in rain and cloud forests at elevations of 500 to 1600 meters as a small sized, warm to cool growing epiphyte with 1.2" [3 cm] between each fusiform to cylindric pseudobulb enveloped basally by non-foliaceous sheaths and carrying a single, apical, thin, linear-lanceolate, obtuse to unequally bilobulate, gradually narrowing below into the shortly petiolate base leaf that blooms in the winter and spring on a .8" [2 cm] long, single flowered inflorescence arising with a new growth.

Very similar to M variabilis but differs in the narrower leaves, different colored flowers and curled petals instead of recurved.

Synonyms Adamanthus costaricensis (Schltr.) Szlach. & Sitko 2012; Maxillariella costaricensis (Schltr.) M.A. Blanco & Carnevali 2007

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 232. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; Die Orchideen lieferung 28 Schlechter/Brieger 1993 as M heidelbergensis; Fieldiana Biology, Flora Costa Ricensis Family # 39 Orchidaceae, subtribes Maxillariinae and Oncidiinae Atwood & Mora 1999 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 72 No 10 2003 photo; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 4 Morales 2009 as Maxillariella costaricensis photo fide; Phytotaxa 289 (3): 247255 2016; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 2 Lacaena to Pteroglossa Pupulin 2020 as Maxillariella costaricensis photo fide