Maxillaria dichotoma (Schltr.) L.O.Williams 1940 Photo by Ecuagenera and their Ecuadorian Orchid Website

Another Flower Photo by Art Vogel and his Picasa Photo Website

Drawing? Original Drawing by Padre Pedro Ortiz Conserved at the Herbario de la Universidad Javeriana, Bogota Colombia


Common Name The Two Part Maxillaria

Flower Size 1.6" [4 cm]

Found in Nicaragua?, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru in premontane and lower montane forests at elevations of 500 to 1700 meters as a giant sized, warm to cool growing epiphyte with straggly, pendent to decumbent stems with several successive shoots only anchored at the base and terminated by an ovoid, compressed pseudobulb subtended in youth by 1 to 3 foliaceous sheaths and carrying a single, apical and along the rhizome, elliptic, acute to acuminate, abruptly narrowing to form a slender petiolate base leaf that blooms in the late summer, fall, winter and early spring on several, lateral, short to .6" [1.5 cm] long, single flowered inflorescence arising from the axils on a developing growth and subtended by a cucullate, acute to subulate floral bract and carries color variable flowers.

Synonyms *Camaridium dichotomum Schltr.1921; Viracocha dichotoma (Schltr.) Szlach. & Sitko 2012

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 6 COS 1998 photo fide; Fieldiana Flora Costaricensis Family #39; Orchidaceae, Tribe Maxillariae, Subtribes Maxillariinae and Oncidiinae Atwood & Retana 1999 drawing ok; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 3 Dodson 2002 drawing fide; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003;