Maxillaria ringens Rchb.f 1863 sect. Amazonicae Christenson 2013

Photo by Saphir Reglisse

Another Angle

Photo by Dale and Deni Borders

Plant and Flowers

Photo by Daniel Jimenez

FragrancePart shadeCoolTo Hot WinterSpringSummer

Common Name The Rigid Maxillaria

Flower Size 1 to 3" [2.5 to 7.5 cm]

Found in southern Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru as well as Trinidad in tall evergreen forests and dense tropical forests at elevations of 320 to 1700 meters and as a medium to large sized, hot to cool growing, unifoliate epiphyte with close set, prominent, ovoid to reniform, compressed pseudobulbs enveloped by a series of basal, papery bracts and carrying a single, apical, linear-lanceolate, acute-acuminate, conduplicate below into the narrow, elongate, petiolate base leaf that blooms in the winter, spring and summer on a basal, slender, 2 to 5" [5 to 12.5 cm] long, single flowered inflorescence with tubular floral bracts half the length of the ovary that arises on a mature pseudobulb with the sweet scented, long-lasting, waxy flowers with variable colors held below the leaf.

Synonyms Camaridium amparoanum Schltr. 1923; Maxillaria amparoana Schlechter 1923; Maxillaria lactea Schlechter 1923; Maxillaria lactiflora Pabst 1967; Maxillaria rousseauae Schlechter 1918; Maxillaria serrulata Ames & Correll 1943; Maxillaria ysabalensis S. Watson 1888; Maxillaria yzabalana S. Wats. 1888; Ornithidium amparoanum (Schltr.) Pabst 1976;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 17: 72. Panama Schlechter 1922 as M rousseauae; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 54. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as M amparoana; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VII 115-147 Hoehne 1953 as M lactea Schlechter 1925 not = M porrecta drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 5 1961; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1961; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 35 No 5 1966 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 35 No 4 1966 as M amparoanua photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 35 No 5 1966 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 36 #9 1967; AOS Bulletin Vol 37 No 7 1968 photo fide; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Band 2 Pabst & Dungs 1977 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing hmm; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1043 Dodson 1984 as M amparoana drawing ok; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1046 Dodson 1984 drawing ok; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986; Orchids Travel By Air A Pictoral Safari Mulder, Mulder-Roelfsema and Schuiteman 1990 photo fide; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992 drawing fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 28 1713 - 1776 Brieger 1993; Fieldiana Biology, Flora Costa Ricensis Family # 39 Orchidaceae, subtribes Maxillariinae and Oncidiinae Atwood & Mora 1999 drawing ok; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 704 Bennett & Christenson 2001 drawing ok; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Orquideas de la Serrania del Baudo Misas Urreta 2006 drawing/photo ok; Icones Orchidacearum fascile 10 plate 1051 Hagsater & Soto 2008 drawing ok; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 4 Morales 2009 photo fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Bezverhov 2011 photo fide; Algunas Orquideas de Mexico Tomo 1 Suarez 2013 photo fide; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 2 Lacaena to Pteroglossa Pupulin 2020 photo fide