Maxillaria rotundilabia C.Schweinf. 1944 TYPE Drawing by Pastorelli, Bennett & Christenson

Part Shade Cold Winter

Common Name The Round Lip Maxillaria

Flower Size .8" [2 cm]

Found in Cusco department of Peru in wet cloud forests at elevations around 2800 to 3600 meters as a medium sized, cold growing epiphyte or terrestrial with a very short rhizome giving rise to ovoid-pyriform, lightly compressed pseudobulbs enveloped basally by several pairs of scarious, distichous, imbricating sheaths the uppermost pair foliaceous but soon deciduous and carrying a single, apical, narrowly lanceolate-oblong, acute, attenuate below into the petiolate base leaf that blooms in the winter on 3 to 4, basal, peduncle terete, enveloped by 7 to 8 inflated, lanceolate, acuminate, clasping bracts, 3.2 to 4.4 [8 to 11 cm] long, erect, single flowered inflorescence with subequal to concealing the ovary and base of the dorsal sepal floral bracts and carrying campanulate flowers with the exterior of the sepals reddish brown, the interior white tinted pale ocher brown, the petals white with brown markings along the margins, the lip white with purple radiating bands, the callus pale yellow with brownish spots, the column white and the pollina orangish yellow.

Schweinfurth's drawing of the type does not show the more or less irregularily erose margins of the lateral lobes but the written description does.


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchids of Peru Vol 3 Schweinfurth 1960 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 705 Bennett & Christenson 2001 drawing fide; Maxillaria An Unfinished Monograph Vol 2 Christenson 2013 photo/drawing fide;