Maxillaria scorpioidea Kraenzl. 1911

Photo by Eric Hunt

Plant and Flowers in situ Costa Rica

Photo by Wilfried Löderbusch

Part shadeHotTo ColdWinterSpringSummerFall

Common Name The Scorpion-Like Flower Maxillaria

Flower Size 1.8" [4.5 cm]

Found from Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru in wet montane forests as a miniature to large sized, hot to cold growing epiphyte at elevations of 100 to 3100 meters with hard shiny green, sulcate, banana-shaped pseudobulbs that are subtended by scarious bracts and carrying 2 to 3 apical, deciduous, fleshy, hard, linear-oblong, conduplicate below into the petiolate base leaves that blooms at most any time of the year on a basal, 1 1/2" [4 cm] long, single flowered inflorescence that is surrounded by imbricating sheaths and arising on a mature pseudobulb.

Synonyms Camaridium scorpioideum (Kraenzl.) Hoehne 1947; Maxillaria rhodosticta Kraenzl. 1928; Rhetinantha scorpioidea (Kraenzl.) M.A. Blanco 2007

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VII 115-147 Hoehne 1953 as Camaridium scorpiodeum drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Series II plate 545 Dodson 1980 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1363 Atwood 1989 drawing fide; Fieldiana Biology, Flora Costa Ricensis Family # 39 Orchidaceae, subtribes Maxillariinae and Oncidiinae Atwood & Mora 1999 drawing fide; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Orquideas de la Serrania del Baudo Misas Urreta 2006 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 2 Morales 2009 as Rhetianantha scorpiodea photo fide; Mille et Une Mini Orchideees Roguenant 2009 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 80 #2 2011 as Rheitinantha scorpioidea photo fide; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018 as Rhetinantha scorpioidea; Lankesteriana 19(1). 31 - 55 2019 as Rhetinantha scorpioidea photo fide