Maxillaria spilotantha Rchb.f. 1854 sect. Erectae Pfitz 1889

Plant and Flowers

Photos by Ecuagenera and their Ecuador Orchid Website

Part shadeCold Spring

Common Name The Spotted Flower Maxillaria

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found in Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela in low forests at elevations of 1500 to 2700 meters as a small sized, cold growing epiphyte with an elongate, sometimes branching stem enveloped completely by close, imbricating, distichous leaf-bearing sheaths and bearing at remote intervals, oblong-ovoid to ellipsoid, complanate pseudobulbs carrying 2, apical, linear-ligulate, abruptly round-obtuse, often bilobulate and apiculate apically, somewhat narrowing below into the sessile base leaf that blooms in the spring on numerous, axillary, single flowered inflorescence.

This species is very similar to M procurrens but differs in the wider, flatter lip with lower, even height sidelobes and the lip apex is more shovel-like.

Synonyms Maxillariella spilotantha (Rchb. f.) M.A. Blanco & Carnevali 2007

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1959 not = M guareimensis; AOS Bulletin Vol 36 #9 1967 =M guareimensis; Flora de Venezuela Volumen XV Part 4 Foldats 1970 not = M guareimensis; Fieldiana Biology, Vol 33, 1st Supple. to the Orchids of Peru Schweinfurth 1970; Die Orchideen #2 5-8 tafel 3 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 drawing ok column only; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 28 1713 - 1776 Brieger 1993 photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 6 COS 1998 photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 2 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Orquideas de Farallones de Cali Galindo-Tarazona, Haelterman, Zuluaga Trochez and Sebastian Moreno 2020 photo fide