Maxillaria valenzuelana (A. Rich.) Nash 1907 sect. Iridifoliae Pfitz 1889 TYPE for the sect.

Photo by DH and Kring Amsterdam and their Orchid Club Winners

Another Flower Angle

Photo by Dalton Holland Baptista, photo by Wilma Braga

Plant in situ Sao Paulo Brazil

Photo by Ismael Nilton Vischi

Part shadeHot toCool Fall WinterSpring

Common Name Valenzuela's Maxillaria [Cuban Plant Collector 18th cent]

Flower Size 1" [2.5cm]

Found from Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, Brazil and Venezuela as well as Cuba in wet montane forests at elevations of 100 to 1500 meters as a small sized, hot to cool growing epiphyte or lithophyte often found in full sun without pseudobulbs that has pendant, imbricating, distichous, foliaceous sheaths with narrowly triangular leaves that forms a fan-shape that blooms in the fall, winter and spring on a short 1.2" [3 cm], axillary, single flowered inflorescence arising from the upper leaf sheaths.

Synonyms *Dicrypta iridifolia Bateman ex Rchb. f. 1854; Dicrypta iridifolia Bateman 1839; Dicrypta irisphyta Barb. Rodr. 1877; Heterotaxis valenzuelana (A.Rich.) Ojeda & Carnevali 2005; Marsupiaria angustata (J.T.Atwood) Szlach. & Sitko 2012; Marsupiaria iridifolia (Bateman ex Rchb. f.) Hoehne 1947; Marsupiaria valenzuelana (A. Rich.) Garay 1952; Marsupiaria valenzuelana var. angustata (J.T.Atwood) Senghas 1994; Maxillaria iridifolia (Bateman ex Rchb. f.) Rchb. f. 1854; Maxillaria valenzuelana subsp. angustata J.T. Atwood 1989; *Pleurothallis valenzuelana A. Rich. 1850

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909; *Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 141. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946; Iconografia de Orchidaceae Do Brasil Hoehne 1949 as Marsupiaria iridifola drawing fide; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VII 115-147 Hoehne 1953 as Marsupiaria iridifolia drawing good; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1961 drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 36 # 9 1967; Flora de Venezuela Volumen XV Part 4 Foldats 1970 drawing fide; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Band 2 Pabst & Dungs 1977 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 869 Dodson 1983 drawing fide; Orquideologia Vol 17 #3 1988 as subgen Camaridium drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Series II plate 549 Dodson 1989 drawing ok; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Series II plate 1370 Atwood 1989 drawing ok; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992 photo fide; Orchids of the High Mountain Atlantic Rainforest in SE Brazil Warren & Miller 1994; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen lieferung 29 1777 - 1840 Brieger 1994 as Marsupiaria valenzuelana drawing/photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen lieferung 29 1777 - 1840 Brieger 1994 as Marisupiaria valenzuela var angustata; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 325 Bennett & Christenson 1995 drawing fide; Fieldiana Biology, Flora Costa Ricensis Family # 39 Orchidaceae, subtribes Maxillariinae and Oncidiinae Atwood & Mora 1999 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 2 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Orchidaceae Antillanae Nir 2000; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 3 Dodson 2002 drawing ok; Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 photo ok; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003 drawing fide; The Orchids of Cuba Llamacho & Larramendi 2005 photo fide;Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 4 Morales 2009 as Heterotaxis valenzuelana photo fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Bezverhov 2011 photo good; An Illustrated Field Guide to the Orchids of the Yotoco Forest Reserve Colombia Kolanowska, Escobar, Sanchez & Szlachetko 2011 as Marsupiaria valenzuela drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 86 # 3 2017 drawing fide; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018 as Marsupiaria valenzuela photo fide; Lankesteriana 19(1). 31 - 55 2019 as Heterotaxis valenzuelana photo fide