Maxillaria violaceo-punctata Rchb. f. 1855 sect. Iridifoliae Pfitz 1889

Flower Closeup

Plant Photos by Americo Docha Neto


Common Name The Violet Spotted Maxillaria

Flower Size 3/4" [2 cm]

Found in French Guiana, Surinam, Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Brazil, Bolivia and Peru in wet montane forests at elevations of 200 to 1800 meters as a large sized, caespitose, hot to warm growing epiphyte with unifoliate, ovoid, flattened, sulcate, shiny pseudobulbs subtended by distichous, imbricating, foliaceous sheaths with linear-elliptic, basally clasping leaves that are somewhat conduplicate at the base that blooms in the fall and spring on a axillary, short to 2" [4.8 cm] long, single flowered inflorescence arising from the basal leaf sheaths of a mature pseudobulb with fleshy, successively opening, fragrant flowers.

Synonyms Heterotaxis violaceopunctata (Rchb.f.) F.Barros 2002

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Bonplandia Rchb.f 1855; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VII 115-147 Hoehne 1953; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1961 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 33 #8 1964; AOS Bulletin Vol 36 #9 1967; Flora de Venezuela Volumen XV Part 4 Foldats 1970 drawing good; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Band 2 Pabst & Dungs 1977 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 558 Dodson 1982 drawing ok; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986 photo fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Series II plate 550 Dodson 1989 drawing fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 3 COS 1991 photo ok??; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 118 Bennett & Christenson 1993 drawing ok; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 28 1713 - 1776 Brieger 1993; AOS Bulletin Vol 63 No 4 1994; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Supplemental Plate Bennett & Christenson 1998 drawing ok; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 2 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 3 Dodson 2002 drawing fide; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Orquideologia Vol 28 #2 2011 photo hmm; Orquideas de Roirama Luz & Franco 2012 as Heterotaxis violaceopunctata photo fide;