Mediocalcar agathodaemonis J.J.Sm. 1910

SECTION Epicalcar

Another Angle Photos by Copyright © Rogier Van Vugt and His PBase Orchid Photo Website

Plant and Flower Photo by André Schuiteman, courtesy of Dr. E.F. de Vogel and Jaap Vermeulen and Their Netherlands National Herbarium Website. and Flora Malesiana Vol IV

Plant and Flower in situ New Guinea Photo © by Paul Noben

Deep Shade Cool Cold Winter Spring Summer Fall

Common Name The

Flower Size .4 to .55" [1 to 1.4 cm]

Found in New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu in mossy forests on trunks and logs or in alpine grasslands in moss cushions or on tree fern at elevations of 760 to 3600 meters as a miniature sized, warm to cold growing epiphyte or terrestrial with cylindrical to ovoid, basally elongated pseudobulb and carrying 1 to 2 apical, sessile to subpetiolate, linear to elliptic, flat to rarely semi-terete, glabrous, margins entire, apically rounded and somewhat bilobed leaves that blooms at any time of the year on a solitary, synanthous, to 1.4" [to 3.5 cm] long, single flowered inflorescence.

Differs from Mediocalcar bifolium in the flowers without white tips, a synanthous inflorescence and wider leaves and pseudobulbs.

Synonyms Eria agathodaemonis (J.J.Sm.) Kraenzl. 1911; Mediocalcar alpinum J.J.Sm. 1914; Mediocalcar alpinum var. spathipetalum J.J.Sm. 1915; Mediocalcar bifolium var. validum J.J.Sm. 1913; Mediocalcar dependens J.J.Sm. 1914; Mediocalcar luteococcineum Schltr. 1911; Mediocalcar minjense P.Royen 1979

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Orchidaceae of German New Guinea Schlechter 1911 drawing fide as M luteo-coccineum; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 6 321 - 384 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1975 as M luteococcineum drawing ok; The Orchids of the High Mountains of New Guinea Van Royen 1979 as M alpinum drawing ok; The Orchids of the High Mountains of New Guinea Van Royen 1979 as M minjense drawing ok; Orchids of Vanuatu Lewis & Cribb 1989 as M alpinum drawing fide; The Orchids of the Solomon Islands and Bougainville Lewis & Cribb 1991 as M alpinum drawing fide; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992 as M alpinum; Flora Malesiana Orchids of New Guinea Vol IV Shuiteman and de Vogel 2006